Thursday, 3 June 2021

EnterprisePM — There’s light at the end of the tunnel for our PMI reading, despite continued contraction



Well, friends, we’ve made it through another workweek together — and our reward after a heavy news day is another weekend of beautiful weather, with daytime highs of just 34°C. Perfect weather for some tennis, if you ask us.

THE BIG STORY here at home today? M&A, baby. Lest you need any reminder that 2021 is shaping up as a great year for M&A (the lawyers and bankers thank you all), we have more on ADQ’s reported quest for a stake in Juhayna — and news that the Abu Dhabi fund is facing a challenge from a Saudi outfit in its bid for a stake in the military’s Wataniya filling stations network. We have chapter and verse in this afternoon’s Speed Round, below.

MEANWHILE- Good news for our regional energy hub ambitions: It looks like we could get access to even more Israeli natural gas as our neighbors to the east mull rolling back limits on exports that have been in place for nearly a decade, according to a draft government report seen by Reuters. Lifting the lid on exports comes as Israel looks to boost natural gas sales abroad before global demand starts to fade as the world shifts away from fossil fuels — and as it works to encourage more natural gas drilling off its coast. The country had previously limited exports to set aside some 60% of its reserves for domestic use.

Egypt will import over 85 bcm of gas from Israel’s Leviathan and Tamar fields through to 2034 under a landmark USD 19.5 bn agreement signed in 2018 by Alaa Arafa’s Dolphinus with the field’s partners, which were led by Delek and Texas-based Noble Energy at the time. Natural gas shipments started flowing into Arish early last year.

ALSO: Consumer healthcare giant Integrated Diagnostics Holding (IDH) is indeed on the lookout for new acquisitions (as we reported earlier this week) but hasn’t decided on when to pull the trigger, a company official told us, clarifying a story in Al Mal this morning claiming that IDH was committed to an acquisition this year. IDH is screening a number of potential targets, but there is no set timeline as to when it plans to execute on them, the official said.

** CATCH UP QUICK on the top stories from today’s EnterpriseAM:

  • 2.5 mn people have had at least one covid jab — and our first batch of homemade CoronaVac will be ready this month, the Health Ministry says.
  • Revised terms for the license to establish Egypt’s second major tobacco company have been handed to four local tobacco companies, according to a report by Reuters.
  • There’s still a chance that direct flights to Red Sea destinations form Russia could be in the air this month after Russia’s deputy PM said authorities are “putting the finishing touches” on a plan to see them resume “in the near future.”

QUICK FOLLOW UP #1- Just how good are those Chinese jabs? It’s complicated. The World Health Organization gave Sinovac emergency approval earlier this week — and the Health Ministry said yesterday that a seven-country study put the jab’s overall effectiveness at 91%.

But results in Gulf countries are giving some observers pause. The Washington Post reported in late May that the UAE was giving third “booster” shots to some people “after antibody tests indicated they did not have a sufficient immune response” after two doses of Sinopharm’s rival vaccine.

The latest development: Bahrain is giving a Pfizer booster to some folks who were given Sinopharm. Residents over 50, who have chronic diseases or are obese are being urged to have the third jab. The Wall Street Journal and Bloomberg have the story.

Speaking of Bahrain: The kingdom will also begin manufacturing and distributing Sputnik V vaccines destined for the MENA region after signing today an MoU with the Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) to set up a regional manufacturing facility, according to a RDIF press release. Among the signatories of the MoU were Bahraini sovereign wealth fund Mumtalakat and Binnopharm Group, the release said, without disclosing when the plant will open or the production capacity it’s targeting.

Egypt has a similar agreement in place, with Minapharm set to manufacture some 40 mn doses of Sputnik V per year under an agreement with RDIF. The locally manufactured vaccines should begin to be rolled out in 3Q2021.

QUICK FOLLOW UP #2- The first women to be appointed as public prosecutors will be sworn in this October, according to a report in Youm7. That’s when the country will also start appointing women to the bench on the State Council (Maglis El Dowla).

THE BIG STORY ABROAD? Not much. No single story dominates the global business news agenda, but we’re keeping a close eye on the inflation story — see this afternoon’s For Your Commute, below, for more.


We’re looking forward to the second-most-holy holiday on the iSheep calendar this coming Monday — that’s when the faithful will stream Apple’s WWDC keynote. We’ll get a look at what’s next for macOS, iOS and iPadOS, sure — but more than a few of us will be praying for hardware announcements, too. You can catch AppleInsider’s and Gizmodo’s prognostications or just circle your calendar for 7pm CLT on Monday and stream the keynote here.

The FIG World Challenge Cup in Artistic Gymnastics for men and women has kicked off in Egypt today and will run until Sunday.

The British Egyptian Business Association will hold a virtual conversation with Oil Minister Tarek El Molla on 7 June to discuss the sector’s achievements. You can register through this link.

May inflation figures are due out next week from state statistics agency Capmas (which, oddly enough, is the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics).


French artist JR will create his next art installation at the Giza Pyramids, he announced on Instagram. JR is known for creating optical illusions at famous landmarks by installing images at a distance. His latest creation was at the Eiffel Tower where he created an installation that gives the illusion that the monument is coming out of a crater. JR hinted that the Giza Pyramids project could be a photo collage after he scouted the location back in April. The installation has been commissioned by Art D’Egypte who are organizing a contemporary art exhibition titled Forever is Now at the pyramids which will be held in October to celebrate the “merging of ancient heritage and contemporary art”. The National has more on the story. You can check out more of JR’s artwork on his website.

Donald Trump may be back to haunt us in the 2024 US elections, hinting in recent weeks that he may be re-running for the presidency, reports the Associated Press. Trump’s potential campaign will be hindered by his tumultuous history of two impeachment trials and the Capitol Hill riots. Trump’s former vice president, Mike Pence, is also rumored to be running for office alongside other Republican candidates already moving to challenge Joe Biden for the presidency.

Dude can’t even keep his own “blog” running, but that stranglehold on the GOP? That’s apparently not going anywhere.

Supply chain woes and potential for even more raw material-driven inflation: Surging demand for coal that coincided with output constraints as mines in China and Indonesia face safety issues and heavy rainfall is threatening a spike in the global prices of the least climate-friendly fossil, and a seaport in China hit by a fresh covid-19 outbreak is delaying good deliveries to the US and Europe. But the higher coal prices will likely be temporary and a result of a seasonal spike in electricity consumption in North Asia as summer temperatures boost air conditioning needs. Plus, climate policies are making it hard for miners to add capacity. Still, coal isn’t the only commodity whose price has been on the up amid the global post-covid commodities boom that has hit everything from food to energy to key metals as more economies continue to recover from the pandemic.

Should we expect higher inflation? Domestic inflation has so far been shrugging off rising global commodity prices due to a favorable base effect. The latest reading even showed that the headline figure slowed down, against expectations. But it might not be long until the commodities rally starts hitting consumers, and analysts have been increasingly penciling in heightened inflation soon as a result of the year-long rally.


The next Narcos? An Amazon Prime Original series Dom is being released tomorrow. The Brazilian crime-drama series follows police officer Victor who dedicated his life to fighting the narcotraffic war, all while his own son rises to become one of the Rio de Janeiro most notorious criminals. Based on a true story, the first season features eight episodes of around one-hour runtime. The series promises drama, action, emotional scenes, and a ton of plot twists. We recommend you check out the trailer (watch, runtime: 02:59).

Egyptian actress Sherihan is continuing her comeback with a planned show on Shahid that will focus on the life of designer Coco Chanel, according to Harper’s Bazaar. Neither Shahid nor Sherihan have yet announced a timeline for the show. Sherihan ended her years-long hiatus last Ramadan, featuring in a musical advertisement for telecom Vodafone.


Discover a new coffee bean with Fyngan: Located in The Grocer in Sheikh Zayed, Fyngan is a specialty coffee bean store that brings the different tastes of the world into your morning coffee cup. With beans from Honduras, Nicaragua, and Uganda, the beans are one for the books and we love that you can get information on where and how the beans were sourced, their harvest period, and the beans’ variety and cupping notes. If you’re unsure of what beans you would enjoy the most, Fyngan’s website has a quiz you can take to determine the best type of coffee beans for you to take home based on your flavor profile and how you like to make your coffee (we got Nicaragua). You can check out Fyngan in person or order the beans online for delivery — thank us later.


TAM Gallery’s Summer Affordable Art Show is ongoing until the end of August, featuring art starting from EGP 1k for those wanting to get into the art scene without breaking the bank.

The Beatles cover band Glass Onion is performing tomorrow at The Tap West in Sheikh Zayed.

Tivoli Heliopolis is hosting a Hello June Bazar this weekend, with offerings of books, clothes, and accessories.

You can also check out the LA Market-Summer Breeze bazar at New Cairo’s Park Mall tomorrow.


Re-shape your relationship with risk and uncertainty with Michele Wucker’s You Are What You Risk. Released in the midst of an uncertain world, the book aims to shed light on what makes some people more prone to risk than others as well as how to mitigate risk in a myriad of circumstances. Understanding risk and having a framework to decide whether its a venture worth taking can help individuals, organizations, and businesses reach their highest potential. Wucker weaves in economics, anthropology, sociology, and psychology research to come up with what she calls a “risk fingerprint” that once optimized can inspire new habits, catalyze innovation and creativity, and improve teamwork.

☀️ TOMORROW’S WEATHER- We’re loving the current weather in Cairo and it’s expected to stay put during the weekend. You can look forward to daytime highs of 34°C and nighttime lows of 18-19°C, our favorite weather app forecasts.


PMI outlook brightens, but remained in contraction territory last month

Activity in Egypt’s non-oil private sector contracted for a sixth consecutive month in May, but at a slower rate as market conditions in major areas of the economy improved compared to the past three months and as optimism reached at a new high, according to IHS Markit’s purchasing managers’ index survey (pdf). The PMI gauge rose to 48.6, from 47.7 in April, remaining below the 50.0 mark which separates expansion from contraction, due to a further, albeit milder, drop in output and new business.

The drop in output was the softest since February, when the overall gauge stood at 49.3. The same trend was seen for new orders, with businesses reporting muted demand, but to the least extent since February. The level of sales also edged closer toward stabilization, and there were major signs of improvement in new export orders, which increased solidly. Sub-gauges measuring output and new orders signalled contraction, but were at three-month highs.

Businesses slashed new input purchases as a result of the overall drop in output. But again, the rate at which purchasing activity fell was the slowest in six months and there was evidence firms are starting to rebuild their inventories. A small number of firms, however, reported a worsening of supplier lead times throughout the month.

Muted activity meant less need for capacity and contributed to a drop in employment, translating into a streak of job losses now extending beyond a year and a half. The rate of job cuts, however, has been easing since the start of the second quarter.

That said, inflationary pressures remained very strong in May. Input shortages, coupled with high freight and staff costs, meant a spike in input prices that was second-quickest since September 2019. Some businesses passed those costs along to consumers in May and others absorbed most of the steeper input prices.

But while output remains under pressure, the outlook is even better than pre-pandemic, with optimism for the coming year recording its strongest level since February 2018 among firms in the non-oil economy. A recovery in market conditions as the pandemic slowly abates was seen as a key positive driver in coming months, according to the survey. “Business expectations data offered a glimpse of a positive future, as firms were … expectant of a strong recovery in business conditions to follow soon," IHS Markit economist David Owen said.

Meanwhile, in the GCC:

  • Activity in Saudi expanded at its fastest pace since in over three years last month, with the oil producer’s gauge of the non-oil economy (pdf) rising to 56.4 in May from 55.2 in April, owed to its continued easing of covid-19 restrictions. Bloomberg has more.
  • The opposite trend was seen in the UAE, which recorded a slight drop in the composite gauge (pdf) to 52.3 in May from 52.7 in April due to pandemic-related restrictions persisting in some areas.


Juhayna won’t confirm it’s in talks to sell a stake to ADQ, but don’t count this out yet

Is Juhayna in talks to sell a stake to Abu Dhabi’s sovereign wealth fund? Bloomberg broke the news last night, quoting unnamed sources as saying ADQ Holding was looking to take a stake in Egypt’s leading maker of dairy products. The report said the talks were at a preliminary stage, with no certainty the fund would go ahead with the transaction.

JUFO said this morning (pdf) that it has yet to receive an official offer from ADQ. The EGX halted trading on JUFO’s shares for 10 minutes after the statement was logged. JUFO shares closed up nearly 5% today at EGP 4.44 apiece.

It’s easy to see why ADQ might be interested. Juhayna is sharply undervalued, with its shares trading at near an all-time low after plunging more than 40% in the period after the company’s founder and CEO were each detained on charges unrelated to the company. Shares snapped a three-day losing streak yesterday and were up the maximum 5% in early trading today, but it’s still trading at a PE of less than 7 based on its forecast 2021 earnings. Its fundamentals are strong, with a great product portfolio, a track record of product innovation and plenty of room to run in a fast-growing consumer market that still skews toward unpackaged milk and milk products.

JUFO reported stable revenues in 9M2020 at EGP 5.7 bn, with notable improvements in gross profit margin and net income at the same time as it cut its net debt by more than 40%, according to its last earnings release (pdf).

There’s some noise around the stock, including the detention of the Thabets and the company’s shares being bumped to the EGX’s “D-list” after it failed to report its 2020 results on time. The latter is hardly a surprise given the company (which had never previously been sanctioned by the EGX) is wrangling two auditors who are getting their heads around the detention of Seif and Safwan Thabet.

But ADQ is the type of investor that can see beyond that. It’s a long-term in also has a proven interest in both the consumer foods segment and in Egypt. It’s been on an acquisition spree in Omm El Donia as of late, acquiring 100% of Amoun Pharma in April in a USD 740 mn transaction and investing USD 1 bn last year in retailer LuLu’s Egypt expansion. It’s also looking at investments in Egyptian meat and poultry business Atyab and gas stations operator Wataniya. Still, having amassed an estimated USD 110 bn in assets since its founding in 2018, the fund wants to make significant new investments over the next five years, CEO Mohamed Hassan Alsuwaidi told Bloomberg last month.


The bidding war for the army’s Wataniya Petroleum is heating up

Saudi industrial oils giant Petromin is throwing its hat in the ring in what’s shaping up into a bidding war for Wataniya Petroleum, Bloomberg reports, quoting sources familiar with the matter. The company will compete with each of Qalaa Holdings’ Taqa Arabia, Dubai’s state-owned Emirates National Oil Company, and a consortium of Abu Dhabi’s sovereign wealth fund ADQ and Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (Adnoc) for a majority stake in the army-owned gas stations operator. Saudi’s Aldrees Petroleum and Transport Services Company was also reported to be interested in the stake. Due diligence on Wataniya is currently underway, according to Bloomberg’s sources.

Petromin is already in Egypt: The company has been operating here since 1992 through local subsidiary Petromin Egypt, which markets lubricants, oils, and petroleum products, the business information service noted.

Background: Wataniya is one of two companies that were chosen to spearhead a process led by the Sovereign Fund of Egypt to sell majority stakes to the private sector in companies owned by the Defense Ministry’s National Service Products Organization. The sale of a stake in Wataniya is expected to go ahead before the end of the year after the SFE changed its plans for a 1H2021 closing.

Another Armed Forces-affiliated company — bottled water producer Safi — is then expected to follow suit as part of a total of 10 military-owned companies planned to be sold to the private sector under the program, and then listed on the EGX further down the line. The SFE had previously said it plans to retain a 10-20% stake in the companies up for sale.


Current account under the spotlight as economy continues to recover from covid

Remittances to Egypt rose 10% y-o-y in the first five months of 2021, Planning Minister Hala El Said said in a statement. Egyptians working abroad transferred USD 15.5 bn since January, already up nearly 10% compared to the period between January and July 2020, according to figures presented by El Said.

FX inflows from this vital source of hard currency have been holding firm in the face of the pandemic — and rose 10.5% during 2020 to USD 29.6 bn despite falling 1.6% across other low- and middle-income countries in the pandemic-ridden year.

Net FDI, meanwhile, might have already hit government targets, as it continues to stage a sustained recovery from pandemic lows. Inflows reached USD 3.4 bn so far this year, up from USD 2.5 bn in the first half of 2020, El Said noted. Balance of payments performance (BoP) data (pdf) released by the CBE in April shows that we’re on track to land USD 6.8 bn by the end of the state’s ongoing fiscal year on 30 June, which puts the figure close to the USD 7.5 bn achieved in pre-pandemic FY2019-2020. Net FDI is then expected to grow to USD 7 bn in FY2021-2022.

Record April for Suez Canal receipts: Revenues made by the government from collecting Suez Canal transit fees — another source of FX that was hit hard by the pandemic — reached USD 553.6 mn in April. This, according to El Said, is the highest month on record, and is a 16.3% increase over April 2020. According to the CBE’s latest balance of payments report, Suez Canal receipts were only fractionally below pre-pandemic levels during the second quarter of FY2020-2021, which ran between October 2020 and January 2021.


Earnings: state-owned El Nasr Civil Works, Egyptalum remain in the red

EARNINGS WATCH- State-owned Egyptian Aluminium Company (Egyptalum) saw its net losses narrow to EGP 348 mn in 9M2020-2021, compared to a lost EGP 1.02 bn in the same period last year, the company said in its earnings report (pdf). Revenues rose 46% y-o-y to EGP 8.14 bn in the first nine months of the company’s fiscal year, which runs from 1 July 2020 to 30 June 2021.

El Nasr Civil Works reported a net loss of EGP 2.54 mn in 1Q2021, compared to a positive bottom line of EGP 4.04 mn in the same quarter last year, according to the company’s quarterly financials (pdf). Revenues fell 17.6% y-o-y to reach EGP 46.6 bn during the quarter, down from EGP 56.6 bn in 1Q2020.

MARKET NEWS- GB Auto is now the sole distributor in Egypt of Chinese automotive company Changan, according to a bourse filing (pdf). GB Auto will be launching this month the New Alsvin, Eado DT sedans, and the CS15 and the CS55 SUV brands.


The EGX30 fell 0.7% at today’s close on turnover of EGP 1.51 bn (13.9% above the 90-day average). Foreign investors were net sellers. The index is down 7.3% YTD.

In the green: Ibnsina Pharma (+2.5%), Pioneers Holding (+2.3%) and Telecom Egypt (+2.0%).

In the red: CI Capital (-4.8%), Fawry (-2.0%) and Qalaa Holding (-1.9%).


Cybercriminals have created operations that can rival major firms

DarkSide, the emerging platform for cyber criminals worldwide: Ransom notes have gotten a lot more sophisticated in recent years, with “ransomware-as-a-service” businesses — subscription based services that allow users to use preexisting ransomware software to execute attacks — making online extortion available to a wider network of would-be criminals. One such platform, DarkSide, garnered attention after it facilitated a recent cyberattack on the US’ Colonial Pipeline, forcing its closure and halting the delivery of almost half of the US East Coast’s fuel supply. Darkside claimed responsibility for the Colonial Pipeline hacking, and even issued a press release saying that they “regret creating problems,” and that the attack had no geopolitical motivations but only aimed at making money, reports The Financial Times.

And make money they did. DarkSide was paid a USD 4.4 mn ransom to provide a decryption key and delete all stolen sata, Colonial Pipeline’s CEO told The Wall Street Journal, saying it was the right thing to do for the country.

So how does the platform work? DarkSide has put a system in place for hackers to perform cyber attacks on companies, acting as a facilitator for reaching out and asking for a ransom from the firm and ensuring the payment reaches the cyber criminal. DarkSide gets its talent from on the dark web, where CVs and references are solicited, writes The FT. Once the cyber criminal platform successfully attacks a firm, they use the method of double extortion to demand separate sums for both a digital key needed to unlock any files and servers, and a separate ransom in exchange for a promise to destroy any data stolen from the victim, according to KrebsonSecurity. If the ransom is not paid, DarkSide will publish all the data and store it on their content delivery network for at least six months as well as send notifications of the leak to media, partners, and customers.

Cue the ethical hacker manifesto: Following the Colonial Pipeline attack, DarkSide has said it would “check each company that our partners want to encrypt to avoid social consequences in the future.” Based “on their principles”, the platform has also forbidden affiliates from dropping ransomware on organizations in industries including healthcare, funeral services, education, public sector and non-profits, according to screenshots obtained by BBC. If that doesn’t sound insane enough, Darkside has also said that it only attacks companies that can pay the requested amount, explaining that they analyze targets’ finances before the hack as they “do not want to kill your business”. If hacked firms have any questions, they can ask DarkSide’s customer support that will help you pay the ransom.

DarkSide has attacked at least three more companies since the Colonial Pipeline incident. The platform announced three more hacks on global firms on the dark web, but none appear to engage in critical infrastructure, writes CNBC. The hacked companies are a US technology services reseller, a Brazilian renewable energy products reseller, and a Scottish construction firm, but CNBC did not reveal the names or the amount of ransom asked for. UK firm One Call Insurance has also fallen victim to a DarkSide attack, with Doncaster Free Press writing that a ransom of GBP 15 mn is being requested. The news has not made it into any larger media organizations.

How to save your own firm: We’ve all seen the misspelt scam emails, the clumsy phishing attacks, and pop up virus threats, however, DarkSide and its partners require more effort to stay safe than just being careful where you click. The US’s Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency released guidelines on the best practices for preventing business disruption from ransomware attacks following the DarkSide hacking. The guidelines include requiring multi-factor authentication, setting up antivirus and antimalware programs to conduct regular scans, and limiting access to resources over networks, among many other mitigation measures.


3-6 June (Thursday-Monday): Egypt is hosting the FIG World Challenge Cup in Artistic Gymnastics.

7 June (Monday): British Egyptian Business Association hosts an event featuring Oil Minister Tarek El Molla.

14 June (Monday): Egypt Green Economy Forum.

17 June (Thursday): The CBE’s Monetary Policy Committee will meet to review interest rates.

17-20 June (Thursday-Sunday): The International Exhibition of Materials and Technologies for Finishing and Construction (Turnkey Expo), Cairo International Conference Center.

20 June (Sunday): Ismailia Economic Court to hold hearing on Ever Given compensation case.

22-27 June (Tuesday-Sunday): The CIB PSA World Tour Finals for 2020-2021 will take place in Cairo.

24 June (Thursday): End of the 2020-2021 academic year (public schools).

26-29 June (Saturday-Tuesday): The Big 5 Construct Egypt, Cairo International Convention Center, Cairo, Egypt. The Big 5 Egypt Impact Awards will also be taking place at the event on 27 June.

30 June (Wednesday): The IMF will complete a second review of targets set under the USD 5.2 bn standby loan approved in June 2020 (proposed date).

30 June (Wednesday): 30 June Revolution Day.

30 June- 15 July: National Book Fair.

July + August: Thanaweya Amma exams take place.

1 July: (Thursday): National holiday in observance of 30 June Revolution.

1 July (Thursday): Large taxpayers that have not yet signed on to the e-invoicing platform will suffer a host of penalties, including removal from large taxpayer classification, losing access to government services and business, and losing subsidies.

1 July (Thursday): Businesses importing goods at seaports will need to file shipping documents and cargo data digitally to the Advance Cargo Information (ACI) system.

15 June (Saturday): EGX-listed will have to complete filing their financial disclosures for the period ended 31 March.

19 July (Monday): Arafat Day (national holiday).

20-23 July (Tuesday-Friday): Eid Al Adha (national holiday).

23 July (Friday): Revolution Day (national holiday).

2-4 August (Monday-Wednesday): Egypt is hosting the Africa Food Manufacturing exhibition at the Egypt International Exhibition Center.

5 August (Thursday): The CBE’s Monetary Policy Committee will meet to review interest rates.

9 August (Monday): Islamic New Year.

12 August (Thursday): National holiday in observance of the Islamic New Year.

12-15 September (Sunday-Wednesday): Sahara Expo: the 33rd International Agricultural Exhibition for Africa and the Middle East.

16 September (Thursday): The CBE’s Monetary Policy Committee will meet to review interest rates.

30 September-2 October (Thursday-Saturday): Egypt Projects 2021 expo, Egypt International Exhibition Center, Cairo, Egypt.

30 September-8 October (Thursday-Friday): The Cairo International Fair, Cairo International Conference Center, Cairo, Egypt.

1 October (Friday): Expo 2020 Dubai opens.

6 October (Wednesday): Armed Forces Day.

7 October (Thursday): National holiday in observance of Armed Forces Day.

12-14 October (Tuesday-Thursday): Mediterranean Offshore Conference, Alexandria, Egypt.

18 October (Monday): Prophet’s Birthday.

21 October (Thursday): National holiday in observance of the Prophet’s Birthday.

28 October (Thursday): The CBE’s Monetary Policy Committee will meet to review interest rates.

1-3 November (Monday-Wednesday): Egypt Energy exhibition on power and renewable energy, Egypt International Exhibition Center, Cairo, Egypt.

1-12 November (Monday-Friday): 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26), Glasgow, United Kingdom.

29 November-2 December (Monday-Thursday): Egypt Defense Expo.

13-17 December: United Nations Convention against Corruption, Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt.

16 December (Thursday): The CBE’s Monetary Policy Committee will meet to review interest rates.

14-16 February 2022 (Monday-Wednesday): Egypt Petroleum Show, Egypt International Exhibition Center, New Cairo, Egypt.

1H2022: The World Economic Forum annual meeting, location TBD.

May 2022: Investment in Logistics Conference, Cairo, Egypt.

27 June-3 July 2022 (Monday-Sunday): World University Squash Championships, New Giza.

**Note to readers: Some national holidays may appear twice above. Since 2020, Egypt has observed most mid-week holidays on Thursdays regardless of the day on which they fall and may also move those days to Sundays. We distinguish below between the actual holiday and its observance.

Enterprise is a daily publication of Enterprise Ventures LLC, an Egyptian limited liability company (commercial register 83594), and a subsidiary of Inktank Communications. Summaries are intended for guidance only and are provided on an as-is basis; kindly refer to the source article in its original language prior to undertaking any action. Neither Enterprise Ventures nor its staff assume any responsibility or liability for the accuracy of the information contained in this publication, whether in the form of summaries or analysis. © 2022 Enterprise Ventures LLC.

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