Back to the complete issue
Sunday, 13 November 2022

Egypt’s “Just Financing” guide + Biden’s COP27 pledge headline the news from Sharm this weekend

Egypt launches guide to “Just Financing,” to boost multi-stakeholder partnership and unlock private sector climate finance: The International Cooperation Ministry launched last week the Sharm El Sheikh Guidebook for Just Financing (pdf), in cooperation with a host of international development partners, according to a ministry statement. The guide was developed over the course of year-long consultations with over 100 partners — government representatives, DFIs, the private sector, commercial and investment banks, climate finance funds, think tanks, and nonprofit organizations, the statement notes.

A focus on practicality and collective action: The guide offers a practical roadmap to unlock innovative financing mechanisms through multi-stakeholder participation, information sharing, and strengthening technical capabilities to create a pipeline of bankable climate-friendly projects. In the short-term, it aims to increase efficiency and equity in global climate finance structures. Long-term, it seeks to catalyze a rethink of these structures.

Just Financing — the guide’s key theme — is a distinct “finance-specific concept” similar to the idea of climate justice, but more focused in scope, it says. It’s a “process-oriented” approach that seeks to direct energy transition mechanisms towards sustainable economic growth, while “avoiding negative distributional, equity and climate impacts.”


US President Joe Biden doubled down on climate change warnings during his speech at COP27, saying that “the very life of the planet” is at stake, as he made new pledges that aim to support the world’s fight against climate change. The US doubled its pledge to its “adaptation fund” for poorer countries to USD 100 mn, and pledged a further USD 150 mn to support climate change efforts in Africa. Biden also promised the US will meet its emissions targets by 2030, after unveiling a plan to cut methane emissions from its oil and gas industry to 87% below 2005 levels by 2030.

But the pledges fall short of what developing countries need: Climate activists criticized Biden for failing to call wealthy nations for more climate change support for developing countries and for his “radio silence” on loss and damage finance, Reuters reports. “He announced a slew of new climate programs, but he couldn’t deliver what the developing world most wants — enough money to adapt to climate extremes," one expert said. A recent report showed that developing countries will need USD 1 tn a year in external financing by the end of the decade to combat climate change.

Biden’s speech got a lot of play in the foreign press: Financial Times | WSJ | CNN | Washington Post | The Guardian | NYT.


Egypt among countries agreeing on a plan to cut industrial emissions: Countries accounting for half of the global economy have set out a year-long plan to cut industrial gas emissions at COP27, according to a United Nations Framework Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) statement. Countries including the US, Germany, Japan, Canada, and Egypt have agreed on 25 “priority actions” to be unveiled at next year’s COP28 in the UAE to help cut emissions across power, transport, steel, hydrogen and agriculture. Countries involved will form coalitions that ensure the delivery of the priority agenda items, the statement said. Reuters also picked up the story.

Egypt launched a program with engineering giant Bechtel to “decarbonize existing oil and gas facilities” in Egypt as part of a new private-public decarbonization coalition, according to a statement from the COP27 Presidency (pdf). Egypt currently has 126 energy efficiency projects in action and has invested some USD 2.4 bn in decarbonization, which are saving around 7 mn tons of CO2 per year, according to the statement. Egyptian LNG (a joint venture between EGAS, EGPC, Shell, and Petronas) also tapped a Bechtel-led coalition to conduct feasibility studies on using a zero-flaring system at the Idku liquefaction plant, Bechtel said in a statement.

The East Mediterranean Gas Forum also launched a regional decarbonization initiative for the oil and gas industry, COP27 Presidency statement says, without providing further information. The issue of gas decarbonization was on the forum’s radar last year.

ALSO- World heritage sites get some attention: The Islamic World Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization also kicked off an initiative to better protect world heritage sites from climate change-induced damage, the COP27 presidency statement said.


Ryp Labs, Earthly, and Koltiva took home the USD 100k, USD 50k, and USD 25k awards, respectively, after pitching their businesses among 15 finalists selected as part of the Climatech Run competition during COP27, the US embassy in Egypt said in a statement. The top two African startups also received investments: Cameroon-based BleagLee took home USD 50k while South Africa’s LiquidGold received USD 25k. The startups will also participate in an acceleration program. The competition was supported by our friends at USAID through their Business Egypt program.

Enterprise is a daily publication of Enterprise Ventures LLC, an Egyptian limited liability company (commercial register 83594), and a subsidiary of Inktank Communications. Summaries are intended for guidance only and are provided on an as-is basis; kindly refer to the source article in its original language prior to undertaking any action. Neither Enterprise Ventures nor its staff assume any responsibility or liability for the accuracy of the information contained in this publication, whether in the form of summaries or analysis. © 2022 Enterprise Ventures LLC.

Enterprise is available without charge thanks to the generous support of HSBC Egypt (tax ID: 204-901-715), the leading corporate and retail lender in Egypt; EFG Hermes (tax ID: 200-178-385), the leading financial services corporation in frontier emerging markets; SODIC (tax ID: 212-168-002), a leading Egyptian real estate developer; SomaBay (tax ID: 204-903-300), our Red Sea holiday partner; Infinity (tax ID: 474-939-359), the ultimate way to power cities, industries, and homes directly from nature right here in Egypt; CIRA (tax ID: 200-069-608), the leading providers of K-12 and higher level education in Egypt; Orascom Construction (tax ID: 229-988-806), the leading construction and engineering company building infrastructure in Egypt and abroad; Moharram & Partners (tax ID: 616-112-459), the leading public policy and government affairs partner; Palm Hills Developments (tax ID: 432-737-014), a leading developer of commercial and residential properties; Mashreq (tax ID: 204-898-862), the MENA region’s leading homegrown personal and digital bank; Industrial Development Group (IDG) (tax ID:266-965-253), the leading builder of industrial parks in Egypt; Hassan Allam Properties (tax ID:  553-096-567), one of Egypt’s most prominent and leading builders; and Saleh, Barsoum & Abdel Aziz (tax ID: 220-002-827), the leading audit, tax and accounting firm in Egypt.