Back to the complete issue
Monday, 13 December 2021

Egypt to rejoin JPMorgan EM bond index in January 2022

Egypt is set to join JPMorgan’s Emerging Markets Bond Index (EMBI) by the end of January with an estimated weight of 1.8%, Finance Minister Mohamed Maait announced yesterday, according to a cabinet statement. Some 14 government bonds, with a total value of USD 26 bn, are expected to enter the benchmark index, which tracks the performance of a basket of EM government bonds .

Green bonds galore: Egypt will also join JPMorgan’s Environment and Governance Index by the end of January 2022 with a weighting of 1.2%, according to the statement, after the government made its first-ever sovereign green bond issuance in 2020, raising USD 750 mn from investors to channel into green projects.

What this means for portfolio flows: Investors tracking the index could pour some USD 1 bn into the local bond market by virtue of Egypt’s inclusion, Maait said. The move could unlock up to USD 4.8 bn in new inflows from passive funds that track the index, potentially leading to a 5% appreciation for the EGP against the USD, Rand Merchant Bank economist Neville Mandimika told Reuters back in March.

A decade in the (re)making: It took almost three years of discussions to get Egypt back on the EMBI, according to Maait. Egypt was removed from the index in June 2011 for not meeting requirements, in the wake of the economic turmoil that followed the 25 January revolution.

Why now? Around 90% of surveyed investors supported Egypt’s inclusion, according to the cabinet statement, thanks to increased liquidity, improved access to the onshore government bond markets for foreign investors, and improved access to the local bond market. Egypt now has a combined nominal USD 28.2 bn in longer-term bonds maturing in more than 2.5 years, which is the minimum maturity for inclusion in the index.

Index inclusion could coincide with Egyptian bonds finally becoming Euroclearable: The government has also been working to satisfy requirements to make Egyptian debt “Euroclearable,” making it easier for foreign funds to get into and out of Egyptian debt. Technical discussions have dragged on for longer than anticipated as the ministry continues working to meet the European clearinghouse’s conditions, which policymakers hope to achieve early in 2022.

Enterprise is a daily publication of Enterprise Ventures LLC, an Egyptian limited liability company (commercial register 83594), and a subsidiary of Inktank Communications. Summaries are intended for guidance only and are provided on an as-is basis; kindly refer to the source article in its original language prior to undertaking any action. Neither Enterprise Ventures nor its staff assume any responsibility or liability for the accuracy of the information contained in this publication, whether in the form of summaries or analysis. © 2022 Enterprise Ventures LLC.

Enterprise is available without charge thanks to the generous support of HSBC Egypt (tax ID: 204-901-715), the leading corporate and retail lender in Egypt; EFG Hermes (tax ID: 200-178-385), the leading financial services corporation in frontier emerging markets; SODIC (tax ID: 212-168-002), a leading Egyptian real estate developer; SomaBay (tax ID: 204-903-300), our Red Sea holiday partner; Infinity (tax ID: 474-939-359), the ultimate way to power cities, industries, and homes directly from nature right here in Egypt; CIRA (tax ID: 200-069-608), the leading providers of K-12 and higher level education in Egypt; Orascom Construction (tax ID: 229-988-806), the leading construction and engineering company building infrastructure in Egypt and abroad; Moharram & Partners (tax ID: 616-112-459), the leading public policy and government affairs partner; Palm Hills Developments (tax ID: 432-737-014), a leading developer of commercial and residential properties; Mashreq (tax ID: 204-898-862), the MENA region’s leading homegrown personal and digital bank; Etisalat Misr (tax ID: 235-071-579), the leading telecoms provider in Egypt; and Industrial Development Group (IDG) (tax ID:266-965-253), the leading builder of industrial parks in Egypt.