Back to the complete issue
Sunday, 27 February 2022

THIS MORNING: Russia closes in on Kyiv as West steps up financial war

The nastiest war to hit Europe since Yugoslavia disintegrated more than 30 years ago kicked off just after we hit “send” on Thursday’s edition. We think this is going to change a lot of things for all of us — the business climate this year, how and where we do business, who will be investing where, and who is allied with whom.

For the next while, we’ll be covering what’s happening in Ukraine (and its impact beyond that nation’s borders) in War Watch, a new section that leads this morning’s news well, below.

Here’s what you need to know right now:

  • Russian forces stepped up their assault in Kyiv overnight after the Ukrainian Army and civilian volunteers put up unexpectedly stiff resistance. Pundits on our Twitter are suggesting Russia has so far committed barely a third of the total number of troops it has massed.
  • Select Russian banks are about to be (kind of) cut off from the global banking system. Unplugging them from SWIFT, the banking world’s (archaic) global messaging system, will mean the affected banks need to reach out to other banks on a peer-to-peer basis if they want to transfer funds. And whether those banks will accept transfers is another question entirely.
  • The big thing to watch for: Sanctions on Russia’s central bank. Western nations are preparing measures designed to make it difficult for Russian President Vladimir Putin to deploy his country’s >USD 600 mn in reserves to shore up his economy. One catch: Russia’s reserves pile is famously well-diversified. Expect the sanctions to be announced as early as today.

Ukraine has captured the world’s hearts with tough resistance to invasion — and some very memorable lines. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky refused an American offer of evacuation: “I need ammunition, not a ride,” he said, releasing a video proving he and his top officials were still in the capital. “Russian warship, go f— yourself” indeed.

In Russia, meanwhile, the invasion is playing out on state television as a liberation of two breakaway territories of Ukraine that Putin recognized last week. Protests against the war have cropped up in most major Russian cities, and many Russian celebs have taken to social media to call for peace.


Emerging markets including Egypt have so far born the brunt of the global reaction to the war, the Financial Times reports. Analysts noted steep sell-offs in Ghana, Turkey, Egypt and Pakistan, citing a “flight to safety from financially vulnerable countries.” The EGX closed down 3.6% on Thursday, on turnover of EGP 1.1 bn (7.8% above the 90-day average). Foreign investors were net sellers.

The big question: What does this mean for our access to wheat? We have the full story in this morning’s news well, below.

REMINDER- Egypt has deep economic ties to both Ukraine and Russia, which together account for well over 50% of our wheat supply and send us mns of tourists every year. Russia is building a nuclear reactor and an industrial zone here. Ukrainian companies work with us on transport and infrastructure projects.

Egyptian hotels are now required to extend stays of Ukrainian tourists stranded in Egypt under directives from the Egyptian Hotel Association (pdf) and the Tourism Ministry (pdf).

Egyptian citizens in Ukraine have been directed to stay home for the time being, while Romanian and Polish border checkpoints will allow safe passage for Egyptians in the port city Odessa, the Egyptian Embassy in Kyiv said in separate statements (here and here). Egyptians studying at Ukrainian universities have shifted to online learning, the Education Ministry said, according to a cabinet statement.

It’s only going to get more complicated as businesses brace themselves for continued high energy prices, jittery stock markets, and the prospect that inflation will be around even longer than expected. Need the rundown? Go read the Financial Times’ very good How will Russia’s invasion of Ukraine hit the global economy?


The Senate is set to discuss the unified ins. act in plenary sessions starting today, Al Mal reports. The draft bill. which has been at least three years in the making, aims to appoint the Financial Regulatory Authority the primary regulator for the ins. sector, make ins. compulsory for SMEs and freelancers, and set up new economic courts to mediate disputes.


The long-awaited tender for the Tenth of Ramadan dry port is kicking off today, Amr Ismail, head of the General Authority for Ports, told Al Borsa, adding that four consortiums — out of six that came forward with offers — are competing to build and operate the EGP 3.5 bn dry port and logistics hub. The four consortiums reportedly include Orascom Construction-Abu Dhabi Ports, Elsewedy Electric-CMA CGM, a consortium led by the Mediterranean Shipping Company, and another by Bollore Logistics.

Consoleya is holding its second Women Meet-up to discuss topics including inclusivity in investment. The program will include a panel discussion on gender-lens funding here in Egypt. The event takes place on Wednesday, 2 March.

ARE YOU BUILDING A FINTECH STARTUP? You might want to apply for Visa’s global startup competition, the Visa Everywhere Initiative, which is running in Egypt in partnership (pdf) with the Central Bank of Egypt. Lean more here. The deadline for applications in Egypt is 20 March.

The Diarna Handicrafts Fair kicked off on Thursday and runs through 7 March at Cairo Festival City from 10am until 10pm daily.

Check out our full calendar on the web for a comprehensive listing of upcoming news events, national holidays and news triggers.


*** It’s What’s Next day: We have our weekly deep-dive into what makes and shapes pre-listed companies and startups in Egypt, the UAE and KSA, touching on investment trends, future sector insights and growth journeys.

In today’s issue: Egypt’s fintech scene has grown leaps and bounds over the past few years, with 2021 specifically being a good year to be a fintech startup. This is supported by the Central Bank of Egypt’s (CBE) fintech data, which were released last week as part of the Fintech Landscape report (pdf) published by CBE-backed initiative Fintech Egypt. Today, we break down those numbers and what they mean for the local fintech scene.

Enterprise is a daily publication of Enterprise Ventures LLC, an Egyptian limited liability company (commercial register 83594), and a subsidiary of Inktank Communications. Summaries are intended for guidance only and are provided on an as-is basis; kindly refer to the source article in its original language prior to undertaking any action. Neither Enterprise Ventures nor its staff assume any responsibility or liability for the accuracy of the information contained in this publication, whether in the form of summaries or analysis. © 2022 Enterprise Ventures LLC.

Enterprise is available without charge thanks to the generous support of HSBC Egypt (tax ID: 204-901-715), the leading corporate and retail lender in Egypt; EFG Hermes (tax ID: 200-178-385), the leading financial services corporation in frontier emerging markets; SODIC (tax ID: 212-168-002), a leading Egyptian real estate developer; SomaBay (tax ID: 204-903-300), our Red Sea holiday partner; Infinity (tax ID: 474-939-359), the ultimate way to power cities, industries, and homes directly from nature right here in Egypt; CIRA (tax ID: 200-069-608), the leading providers of K-12 and higher level education in Egypt; Orascom Construction (tax ID: 229-988-806), the leading construction and engineering company building infrastructure in Egypt and abroad; Moharram & Partners (tax ID: 616-112-459), the leading public policy and government affairs partner; Palm Hills Developments (tax ID: 432-737-014), a leading developer of commercial and residential properties; Mashreq (tax ID: 204-898-862), the MENA region’s leading homegrown personal and digital bank; Industrial Development Group (IDG) (tax ID:266-965-253), the leading builder of industrial parks in Egypt; Hassan Allam Properties (tax ID:  553-096-567), one of Egypt’s most prominent and leading builders; and Saleh, Barsoum & Abdel Aziz (tax ID: 220-002-827), the leading audit, tax and accounting firm in Egypt.