Back to the complete issue
Tuesday, 14 June 2022

The MENA region is falling short when it comes to VC climate funding

The MENA region is falling short when it comes to VC climate funding: The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is one of the regions most exposed to the effects of climate change. Yet, when it comes to financing the type of innovation that might help to limit — or at the very least adapt to — its consequences, the region falls far behind, according to a report (pdf) by the Clean Energy Business Council (CEBC). Out of the 3.8k startups established in the region since 2010 only 49 were climate tech startups and in the past three years interest in fintech has vastly overshadowed climate focused outfits.

What actually counts as climate tech? Climate tech is a blanket term that encompasses everything from energy efficiency and storage, to recycling, food sustainability and environmental protection. Of the various types of climate tech, CEBC’s survey suggests that clean energy and transport projects have the greatest potential in the MENA region. Conversely, startups working on agricultural sustainability and carbon capture are seen as least likely to generate a return on investment.

There have been successes in the Egyptian space: Several Egyptian climate-focused startups have succeeded in attracting VC money in recent years. Waste management companies Bekia and Tagaddod have both attracted funding, biofertilizer outfit Bermoda raised seed investment in 2018, and, most recently, energy efficiency startup Pylon closed a USD 19 mn seed round.

But MENA is far behind other parts of the world: The region accounted for just 1.5% of all VC funding into climate startups between 2013 and 2019. In comparison, US companies attracted almost half, a third went to China and European startups received almost 12%.

The number of funding rounds for climate tech startups remained relatively flat between 2015 and 2020. There were a total of 20 funding rounds in the MENA region during the six-year period, with 2019 constituting the “boom” year when eight startups received funding.

Compare that to fintech, which is easily the most saturated market for startup funding right now. There were almost 7x more fintech rounds during the six-year period than for climate startups. In 2020 alone, there were 41 fintech rounds in MENA, more than double the 20 climate rounds recorded between 2015 and 2020.

What’s the problem? Part of it is down to the nature of the business: Many types of business operating in climate tech do not enjoy the same rapid scalability as other technology-based companies, and do not offer as easy an exit due to being asset-heavy.

Then there’s the lack of infrastructure: “The whole supply chain of the green economy is not there, neither at the level of investors nor at the level of startups,” Khaled Ismail, managing partner of early-stage fund HIMangel, previously told us.

Investors are fairly confident about Egypt in comparison to other countries in the region, and have a particularly soft spot for fintech and education, according to the CEBC’s survey. Crucially though, investors also displayed confidence in Egyptian climate tech startups.

The reasons for being downbeat on the sector were diverse: The number of investors citing potential difficulties with scaling and exiting businesses, economic instability, regulatory uncertainty, and a lack of businesses to invest in were fairly even.

But VCs may have to alter their expectations and play the long game: Many VC funds are subject to unrealistic expectations about new investments, mainly stemming from a belief that climate initiatives necessitate making a huge financial compromise and that sustainability is only the responsibility of government policy. A desire to secure high ROIs from a quick exit, the report notes, is also a major roadblock VCs need to overcome.

There are still alternatives out there: Revenue-based financing, where investors offer financing in exchange for a portion of revenues, is a part of the answer. Impact investment funds like the UNDP and Catalyst Partners’ EGP 500 mn partnership could also help drive investment.

But most effective might be government-led initiatives that support climate focused startups through clear policy and financing, the report suggests. Clear frameworks that scale back the barriers to establishing climate tech startups and private investment would help in this regard. So would more public-private partnerships, R&D financing and more accelerator programs, the CEBC adds.


Your top green economy stories for the week:

  • A new plan to raise rice production: Egypt plans to boost its rice productivity and reduce water usage by relying on agricultural drainage water for cultivation, an official at the Agriculture Ministry, told Sky News Arabia.
  • Plastic use is set to triple by 2060 in the absence of drastic action: Global use of plastics could rise to 1.2 bn tons in 2060, up from 460 mn tons in 2019, while plastic waste could top 1 bn tons.
  • This is a start: Plastic Bank will recycle 20k kg of plastic produced by German snackmaker Lorenz Snack World in Egypt this year.

Enterprise is a daily publication of Enterprise Ventures LLC, an Egyptian limited liability company (commercial register 83594), and a subsidiary of Inktank Communications. Summaries are intended for guidance only and are provided on an as-is basis; kindly refer to the source article in its original language prior to undertaking any action. Neither Enterprise Ventures nor its staff assume any responsibility or liability for the accuracy of the information contained in this publication, whether in the form of summaries or analysis. © 2022 Enterprise Ventures LLC.

Enterprise is available without charge thanks to the generous support of EFG Hermes (tax ID: 200-178-385), the leading financial services corporation in frontier emerging markets; SODIC (tax ID: 212-168-002), a leading Egyptian real estate developer; SomaBay (tax ID: 204-903-300), our Red Sea holiday partner; Infinity (tax ID: 474-939-359), the ultimate way to power cities, industries, and homes directly from nature right here in Egypt; CIRA (tax ID: 200-069-608), the leading providers of K-12 and higher level education in Egypt; Orascom Construction (tax ID: 229-988-806), the leading construction and engineering company building infrastructure in Egypt and abroad; Moharram & Partners (tax ID: 616-112-459), the leading public policy and government affairs partner; Palm Hills Developments (tax ID: 432-737-014), a leading developer of commercial and residential properties; Etisalat Misr (tax ID: 235-071-579), the leading telecoms provider in Egypt; and Industrial Development Group (IDG) (tax ID:266-965-253), the leading builder of industrial parks in Egypt.