Back to the complete issue
Sunday, 6 June 2021

Goldman says CBE could cut rates this month + reserves were up in May

The Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) can afford to cut rates by as much as 50 bps at its meeting later this month, Goldman Sachs MENA economist Farouk Soussa told Bloomberg (watch, runtime 7:12). “We see a very strong case for rate cuts in the near term, as in June. That is predicated on the fact that Egypt has the highest real rates within EM,” Soussa said. The main operation and discount rates currently stand at 8.75%, while overnight deposit and lending rates are at 8.25% and 9.25% respectively. The CBE left rates on hold for a fourth consecutive meeting in April to maintain attractive real rates and in anticipation of rising inflation.

Low inflation gives policymakers cover to lower rates: Inflation slowed against expectations in April, thanks to a favorable base effect that offset a rise in monthly prices. Annual urban inflation fell to 4.1% in April from 4.5% in March, while the national rate (pdf) fell 40 bps to 4.4%. The CBE could look to cut rates to stimulate spending, though an anticipated spike in inflation later in the year as a rise in global commodity prices trickles down to local products makes a hold more likely, analysts previously told us.

And a rate cut won’t harm Egypt’s all important carry trade, Soussa said, suggesting that the CBE could potentially afford to be a bit more aggressive approach. “Real yields in Egypt are currently around 8-9% on a forward-looking basis. … There is plenty of scope there for those rates to come down without affecting the relative attractiveness of rates in Egypt,” he said.

Foreign investors in Egyptian debt have provided an important source of inflows as tourism receipts and FDI contracted in lock step with the rest of the world after the start of the pandemic. Foreign holdings of Egyptian bills and bonds fully recovered from to hit a record USD 28.5 bn in February, while inflows into short-term treasuries reached almost USD 21 bn at the end of April.

Egypt should escape any tapering by the Fed relatively unscathed, Soussa suggested, telling Bloomberg that, despite the risks posed by monetary tightening in the US, Goldman “remains bullish” on local and hard-currency Egyptian bonds.

What is the carry trade and why is it so important? We’ve got this handy explainer to answer that for you.

SPEAKING OF FOREIGN INFLOWS- Egypt's foreign currency reserves increased by almost USD 125 mn in May to USD 40.468 bn, according to recent figures by the Central Bank of Egypt (CBE). FX reserves are now at their highest level since April 2020, having plummeted almost USD 10 bn during the peak of the covid-19-induced global pullback from emerging markets last year.

Enterprise is a daily publication of Enterprise Ventures LLC, an Egyptian limited liability company (commercial register 83594), and a subsidiary of Inktank Communications. Summaries are intended for guidance only and are provided on an as-is basis; kindly refer to the source article in its original language prior to undertaking any action. Neither Enterprise Ventures nor its staff assume any responsibility or liability for the accuracy of the information contained in this publication, whether in the form of summaries or analysis. © 2022 Enterprise Ventures LLC.

Enterprise is available without charge thanks to the generous support of HSBC Egypt (tax ID: 204-901-715), the leading corporate and retail lender in Egypt; EFG Hermes (tax ID: 200-178-385), the leading financial services corporation in frontier emerging markets; SODIC (tax ID: 212-168-002), a leading Egyptian real estate developer; SomaBay (tax ID: 204-903-300), our Red Sea holiday partner; Infinity (tax ID: 474-939-359), the ultimate way to power cities, industries, and homes directly from nature right here in Egypt; CIRA (tax ID: 200-069-608), the leading providers of K-12 and higher level education in Egypt; Orascom Construction (tax ID: 229-988-806), the leading construction and engineering company building infrastructure in Egypt and abroad; Moharram & Partners (tax ID: 616-112-459), the leading public policy and government affairs partner; Palm Hills Developments (tax ID: 432-737-014), a leading developer of commercial and residential properties; Mashreq (tax ID: 204-898-862), the MENA region’s leading homegrown personal and digital bank; Industrial Development Group (IDG) (tax ID:266-965-253), the leading builder of industrial parks in Egypt; Hassan Allam Properties (tax ID:  553-096-567), one of Egypt’s most prominent and leading builders; and Saleh, Barsoum & Abdel Aziz (tax ID: 220-002-827), the leading audit, tax and accounting firm in Egypt.