Wednesday, 7 September 2022

AM — It’s official: Gov’t is on board with a flexible exchange rate, Madbouly promises tax breaks for “high value” industries



Hello, wonderful people.

Although we have tons of business news for you this morning, the government is still driving THE BIG STORY HERE AT HOME. Planning Minister Hala El Said became the first member of cabinet to publicly confirm the government backs exchange-rate flexibility, a key condition for both an IMF facility (whatever its size) and to get us through the current FX crunch. Separately, Prime Minister Moustafa Madbouly said his government will offer new tax breaks for high value industries — and added that the state isn’t about to pull back from big infrastructure projects, saying they’ll only cost more to execute further down the line.

^^ We have all of this and more in this morning’s news well and Last Night’s Talk Shows, both below.

*** You have just two days to tell us how you’re feeling about your business and the wider economy. We’ll have the results for mid-month — just in time to give you a sense of what everyone else is thinking heading into budget season. Make your voice heard in our Fall Reader Survey. It won’t take more than a few minutes to complete.


US climate envoy John Kerry will be in town for the Egypt-International Cooperation Forum (Egypt-ICF), which runs today through Friday at Almasa Convention Center in the new administrative capital. The three-day event will bring together global policymakers, ministers, development partners and other participants ahead of COP27 to discuss climate action and green transition, food security, and others with a focus on Africa. Check the full agenda here (pdf).

Also in town to talk turkey: Odile Renaud-Basso, head of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), who will meet with President Abdel Fattah El Sisi, Finance Minister Mohamed Maait and International Cooperation Minister Rania Al Mashat. Look for climate finance to be at the top of the agenda for the meetings alongside the practicalities of COP27.

Speaking of climate: A two-day symposium on water solutions, wraps today in Alexandria. The event is being organized by AUC and our friends at USAID, and Alexandria University. You can check out the agenda here (pdf).

The four-day Gate travel expo 2022 kicks off today at El Qubba Palace.

The US Federal Reserve will open its so-called Beige Book today, giving us insight into how the world’s most important central bank is feeling about current economic conditions. Expect everyone and their mothers to be reading the tea leaves for what it means for interest rates when the Fed meets later this month.

Your high-end smokes are getting expensive: Philip Morris brands Marlboro, Merit and L&M will cost EGP 1.00-3.00 more per pack starting today, according to a document seen by Enterprise. Packs of Merit will now sell for EGP 52.00, while all Marlboro will cost EGP 48.00. Packs of L&M will rise to EGP 35.00.

The hikes come a few days after Eastern Company raised prices of key brands by up to EGP 2.00 per pack, citing rising raw material prices and the weakening EGP.

Apple will unveil its new iPhone, a new watch and probably new AirPods Pro at an event tonight. You can watch it on Apple’s website or stream it on Youtube today at 7pm CLT.

KUDOS- AUC instructor Noor Naga is a finalist for Canada’s most prestigious literary award. Naga made the Giller Prize long-list for If an Egyptian Cannot Speak English (Amazon). Set in the wake of the Arab Spring, the novel “traces the relationship between two people — a wealthy Egyptian American woman and an unemployed man from the village of Shobrakheit — who meet in a cafe in Cairo,” writes Canada’s CBC.

THE BIG STORY ABROAD- It’s a mixed bag in the global front pages this morning:

#1- Europe is scrambling to avoid its “energy-industry Lehman Brothers” moment ahead of a possible USD 2 tn increase in energy bills. The EU is pushing for caps on wholesale gas prices and national windfall taxes, Italy is set to start rationing gas, and reports suggest that new UK PM Liz Truss is reading a GBP 130 bn bailout for households and businesses.

#2- The coronation of Truss as the UK’s new prime minister is getting coverage from: Reuters | AP | FT.

#3- In the US: The Washington Post reports that among the classified documents the FBI seized from Trump’s Florida estate was information on the nuclear capabilities of foreign powers. Topping the front page of the New York Times: California’s electricity grid is coming under pressure from soaring temperatures, leading officials to warn of blackouts if people don’t turn down their ACs.


Our friend Dr. Mahmoud Mohieldin will join the good folks at AmCham for a luncheon next Monday, 12 September, from 1-4pm CLT. Dr. Mahmoud will by speaking in his capacity as UN climate change high-level champion for Egypt. The special luncheon meeting at the Nile Ritz Carlton is open to AmCham members and their guests.

The Gas Exporting Countries Forum (GECF) will hold a virtual meeting next Thursday, 15 September, it said in a statement. The meeting will see all 19 members talk about climate change ahead of COP27.

PSA- Green projects looking to secure investor funding have until 18 September to apply for the Planning Ministry’s Smart Green Governorates, which will map green projects nationwide, giving them a platform to raise investments at COP27, according to a ministry statement. The ministry has so far received over 2k applications. An executive committee that includes Egypt climate czar Mahmoud Mohieldin will whittle the applicants down to a final list of 18 projects to be presented for funding at the November climate summit. You can apply to make the cut here.


Consoleya and Cairo Angels will host a business meet-up on Monday, 12 September focusing on Nigeria’s tech ecosystem and how it compares with Egypt’s startup scene. Tarek Shahin (CI Capital’s chief investment officer), Biola Alabi Media CEO Biola Alabi, and Ibrahim Sagna (Afreximbank’s global head of advisory and capital markets) and take part in a panel discussion moderated by Aly El Shalakany, CEO of the Cairo Angels Syndicate Fund.

Our monthly list of data points to keep your eye on over the next few days and weeks:

  • Foreign reserves figures for August should be out during the first week of the month.
  • Inflation figures: Inflation data for August from Capmas will land on Saturday, 10 September. Expect the Central Bank of Egypt to follow up on Sunday, 11 September with its inflation report.
  • Interest rates: The Central Bank of Egypt’s Monetary Policy Committee meets on Thursday, 22 September to review interest rates.

We’re expecting some sort of announcement from the government on how it plans to proceed with its privatization program, according to media comments Finance Minister Mohamed Maait gave last week. This came on the same day as Prime Minister Moustafa Madbouy met with the heads of the EGX and the Financial Regulatory Authority to discuss plans to sell stakes in state-owned enterprises on the bourse.

Support measures coming for local commercial ships? Transport Minister Kamel El Wazir will hold a meeting this week with the maritime transport sector and private shipping companies to discuss ways to boost the commercial fleet, Al Mal reports, citing an unnamed source.

Check out our full calendar on the web for a comprehensive listing of upcoming news events, national holidays and news triggers.


*** It’s Hardhat day — your weekly briefing of all things infrastructure in Egypt: Enterprise’s industry vertical focuses each Wednesday on infrastructure, covering everything from energy, water, transportation, and urban development, as well as social infrastructure such as health and education.

In today’s issue: As part of its consultations on its state ownership policy document, the government held discussions late last month with electricity and gas utilities players to hear their thoughts. The broad sentiment is that the private sector wants more by way of incentives and public-private partnerships to reel in their investments, our sources tell us.

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We’re looking for editors who want to run publications and teams, editors to help reporters craft stories, and talented reporters. Egyptian and foreign nationals alike are welcome to apply. So are job-switchers: If you’re an equities analyst tired of the rat race, we’re a great place to come work.

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The Somabay Endurance Festival, organized by The TriFactory, returns this month for the fourth time. Featuring four different races that combine swimming, cycling, and running, as well as the 1K Kids Race (ages 5-10) and the 10K Race, the Somabay Endurance Festival has got something for everyone. Taking place from 29 September though 1 October, spots are running out for Egypt’s favorite multi-sport event. To find out more and sign up, head to


It’s official: Gov’t is on board with a flexible exchange rate

“We as a government do agree that a flexible exchange rate is definitely good for the economy,” Planning Minister Hala El Said told Bloomberg yesterday in a televised interview (watch, runtime: 6:40). El Said also had news on the state privatization program, saying that the Sovereign Fund of Egypt has set up a pre-IPO arm to bring strategic investors onboard ahead of plans to list state-owned firms.

El Said’s remarks will make the folks at the IMF happy: With talks now said to be in the final stages, the IMF has said a more flexible exchange rate is a key condition for agreeing to a new assistance package, while concrete steps towards selling stakes in state assets will likely also play a role.

The gov’t is keeping the communication lines open on strategy: El Said also used the interview to highlight strong recent growth figures and moves to bolster FX inflows by upping exports and attracting foreign direct investment (FDI). She also highlighted the importance of continued strong remittance flows.

Everyone in cabinet is singing from the same hymnal: El Said hit many of the same points that Finance Minister Mohamed Maait covered last week in his media blitz on the Sisi administration’s plans to see us through the current bottleneck.


El Said is the first government official to make a public statement saying cabinet supports allowing the EGP to move more freely against the greenback. Her remarks come after weeks of speculation that new central bank governor Hassan Abdalla will allow the currency to depreciate further against the USD to help secure an assistance package from the IMF, attract foreign capital, and break an import logjam.

The key question now: Will the float be sudden or gradual? With more EGX flexibility now seeming all but inevitable, market watchers are asking whether the pound will slide against the greenback at a slow pace or whether we're in for a 2016-style shock devaluation. Either way, most market watchers are forecasting a double-digit depreciation by the end of the year, with BNP Paribas forecasting the currency to settle at EGP 23-24 to the USD. One USD is currently changing hands at USD 19.29, with the pound having slipped more than 20% since the devaluation in March.

*** Where do you see the FX rate settling? Tell us in our Fall 2022 Reader Poll, which closes tomorrow.


SMART POLICY- The gov’t has set up a fund to place stakes in state-owned companies with strategic investors ahead of IPOs: The Sovereign Fund of Egypt (SFE), which El Said chairs, earlier this week set up a pre-IPO fund to offer stakes in state-owned companies to “strategic investors and different sovereign wealth funds” ahead of listing them on the bourse, El Said said. The government would then look to list the firms “when the market is ready,” El Said said.

Which companies are up for grabs? The new fund would look to acquire stakes in state-owned assets including those under the Public Enterprises Ministry, port and transport firms, and companies operating in the New Administrative Capital, a government source told Enterprise.

We knew this was coming: SFE head Ayman Soliman in June said private stake sales would be the way forward for the state privatization program as volatile market conditions persist on the back of the war in Ukraine and volatility in global capital markets. Government officials have been keen to stress that the privatization program remains a priority even as IPOs are pushed back.


Does BoA know something we don’t? Analysts at Bank of America are still predicting the government to arrange a massive USD 15 bn, three-year facility with the IMF, Bloomberg reports, despite the insistence of senior officials here that any loan package will be much more limited. In a fresh report, the bank says “a large and ambitious IMF program is needed,” adding that a larger loan would require a flexible exchange rate. Finance Minister Mohamed Maait said that USD 15 bn was “too high” and “totally inaccurate” after Goldman Sachs predicted the same figure back in July. BNP Paribas is expecting a USD 3-5 bn package.


BDO has valued Domty at EGP 6.90 per share — 38% higher than the price that the Expedition Investments-led consortium is offering shareholders in its ongoing mandatory tender offer, the cheesemaker said in an EGX disclosure (pdf) yesterday.

REFRESHER- Shareholders have until 14 September to sell their holdings to the consortium, which is offering to pay EGP 5.00 a share to acquire up to 34% of the EGX-listed company (c. 96.2 mn shares). Domty’s board is yet to publicly respond to the offer or give a recommendation to the company’s shareholders. It commissioned BDO last month to conduct a fair value study (pdf), one day before the MTO started.

That fair value study is now out: BDO published the report (pdf) yesterday after it was reviewed by the Financial Regulatory Authority (FRA).

What happens now? It’s unclear whether the board will now respond to the offer or make a recommendation to the shareholders. As of last Thursday, the consortium was almost halfway to its target, with shareholders agreeing to sell 40.5 mn shares.

REMEMBER- Domty’s majority shareholders are among the investors bidding for the shares: The Damati family — which founded Domty and already control 56% of the company — are part of the consortium and also own minority stakes in Expedition. Expedition, a special purpose vehicle domiciled in Mauritius, is controlled by investors in Egypt and the Gulf. Success in the MTO would hand the consortium control of 90% of the company’s shares.

Advisors: EFG Hermes is quarterbacking the transaction and Matouk Bassiouny & Hennawy is acting as counsel to Expedition.


IDH wants to renegotiate terms for Pakistani diagnostics player

IDH wants to table a new offer for Islamabad Diagnostic Center amid economic woes in Pakistan: IDH is looking to renegotiate terms of its bid to acquire a major stake in one of Pakistan's largest diagnostics providers due to economic and political turbulence in the country, a company official told us yesterday.

IDH wants IDC: The LSE- and EGX-listed consumer healthcare firm in December signed a share purchase agreement that would have seen it acquire 50% of the Islamabad Diagnostic Centre (IDC) at a cost of USD 72.35 mn. The seller was UAE-based Evercare Group, a healthcare platform managed by global private equity firm TPG and backed by its Rise Fund, which owns 100% of the Pakistani outfit through a special purpose vehicle. The transaction would have given IDH more than 80 labs across Pakistan.

The long-stop date for the acquisition had already expired: IDH told Evercare in late August that it was terminating the SPA after conditions precedent weren’t met; the deadline for execution of the transaction had already been extended by three months, IDH said in disclosures to the EGX (pdf) and the London Stock Exchange yesterday.

IDH is still interested: The company is in ongoing talks with Evercare and is ready to sign a new share purchase agreement, it said in the filings. “We’re not pulling the plug, we’re renegotiating the terms in light of the recent developments in Pakistan,” IR chief Nancy Fahmy told us yesterday, adding that IDH is still “very interested” in the company.

A lot has changed in Pakistan in the past nine months: The removal of former prime minister Imran Khan has provoked a political crisis, economic headwinds have forced it to turn to the IMF to avert debt default, and devastating floods have left a third of the country underwater.

Market reacts: EGX-listed shares remained unchanged at EGP 16.50, while LSE-listed shares fell some 2.2% to USD 0.80.


Eni could invest in Egypt LNG projects

Eni wants more on the LNG front: Italian energy giant Eni wants to develop LNG projects in the region, including in Egypt, under a plan to invest around EUR 4.5 bn in upstream activities every year until 2025, Reuters reported a senior company official as saying yesterday. “We are fully committed to invest EUR 4.5 bn per annum in the upstream to bring on line new gas supplies,” Cristian Signoretto said at the Gastech conference in Milan, adding that developing LNG projects in Egypt, Algeria, Qatar and Congo is in the company’s plans.

We saw this coming: Eni’s CEO Claudio Descalzi discussed with President Abdel Fattah El Sisi last week “leveraging existing LNG plants” to boost exports to Europe and raise gas production. Eni is already a key natural gas partner, producing around 60% of the country’s gas. The company signed in April an agreement with EGAS to “maximize” Egyptian LNG exports to Europe and boost Eni’s gas production at home. The agreement came a month after the Italian firm pledged to bring more than 14 trn cubic feet of additional gas to the global market and mitigate Europe’s energy crisis by “leveraging established alliances with producing countries,” including Egypt.

REMEMBER- Eni holds a 50% stake in the Damietta LNG plant, which has an annual production capacity of 5.2 mn tons. The plant was reopened last year following an eight-year hiatus, helping Egypt to achieve record export volumes in 2021. Egypt’s ambitions to become a regional energy hub have been advanced by Europe’s attempts to wean itself off Russian fossil fuels, with Cairo signing a nine-year agreement in June with Israel to increase gas exports to the EU through Egypt’s LNG facilities.

Eni isn’t the only one: Gas reserves in the East Mediterranean are the “obvious place” to help Europe kick its dependency on Russian gas, Chevron's vice president for midstream, Colin Parfitt, told S&P Global on the sidelines of the conference. “Taking Israeli gas through LNG plants that are already built to get your gas to market seems sensible,” he said, suggesting that floating LNG units could also be part of the solution. Chevron has a large footprint in the region after its 2020 acquisition of Noble Energy, which operates Israel’s Leviathan and Tamar gas fields, and is developing Cyprus’ Aphrodite field.

Chevron is also working with Egypt: EGAS signed an MoU with the American company in July to work on developing infrastructure to transport gas from offshore fields to Egypt and increase exports. Oil Minister Tarek El Molla discussed LNG plans with the company’s CEO, Mike Wirth, at the conference yesterday, according to a ministry statement, without disclosing details.


The green hydrogen plant proposed by Africa-focused independent power producer Globeleq will be one of the largest facilities of its kind when it reaches its first phase of operations, according to new details on the project reported by Asian finance and ESG outlet The Asset. The publication says that the pilot phase will use a 100 MW electrolyser, equalling the size of the Scatec-Orascom Construction-Fertiglobe plant which was said to be the world’s largest green hydrogen plant when it was announced last year. When fully operational, the plant will feature 3.6 GW of electrolyzers powered by 9 GW of solar and wind power generation, the publication says.

Background: Globeleq signed an MoU late last month to establish the plant, which the Suez Canal Economic Zone said would produce 2 mn tons of green hydrogen once fully operational, with 55k tons produced during the trial phase. The plant is set to come online in 2026.


Capricorn cuts Egypt production forecasts on rig delays

Capricorn’s entry to Egypt hasn’t quite gone to plan: Capricorn Energy has lowered its full-year production forecasts in Egypt due to “logistics and commissioning delays,” the London-listed oil and gas company said in its latest earnings release (pdf). Issues bringing two rigs online mean that the company now expects to produce 33k-36k barrels of oil equivalent per day this year, down from its previous 37k-43k boe/d estimate.

The company’s also going to be spending less than planned: Capricorn expects to spend USD 100-105 mn on its Egypt exploration and production operations this year, down from its initial USD 120-135 mn forecast at the start of the year.

Capricorn is a relative newcomer to Egypt: Formerly known as Cairn, Capricorn entered Egypt for the first time in 2021 when it teamed up with local firm Cheiron to acquire Shell’s Western Desert assets.

It might be about to cancel its engagement with Tullow: Capricorn is looking for alternatives to the contentious plan to merge with Tullow Oil, saying in the release that it is in talks with other undisclosed parties that have shown an interest. The merger has received backlash from investors who argue that Tullow’s offer undervalues Capricorn.

But it’s not ruling anything out: Capricorn believes that a merger with Tullow can produce “significant long-term value for shareholders.”



Ukrainian wheat shipment gets the greenlight to head for Egypt

Egypt might finally be getting hold of Ukrainian wheat it bought in December: Egypt has agreed to receive a new 63k-ton shipment of Ukrainian wheat, a move that could pave the way for the country to finally receive wheat bought prior to the Russia-Ukraine war, MENA reported, citing statements from Supply Minister Ali El Moselhy.

This is likely a replacement shipment: Two people familiar with the matter told Reuters that Egypt has been in talks with the supplier for a replacement shipment amid continued delays releasing the vessel. One source said the shipment referred to by the minister is the replacement.

What’s the hold-up? State grain buyer GASC purchased the wheat in a tender back in December, but the cargo has been trapped in Ukraine since Russia invaded the country in late February. The shipment has remained stuck even after Kyiv resumed wheat exports in July after Ukrainian authorities detained the ship on suspicion of the owner having Russian links. Ukrainian officials said last month that they are trying to expedite its release but the ship remains at port.


Three local banks lend Tatweer Misr EGP 3.5 bn

Tatweer Misr has secured an EGP 3.5 bn financing agreement with the National Bank of Egypt, AAIB, and Banque Misr, President and CEO Ahmed Shalaby told Hapi Journal. The agreement will help finance the company’s Il Monte Galala beachfront development in Ain Sokhna and its Bloomfields residential compound in New Cairo, our source said. Tatweer Misr has been in talks to secure the loan since November.



It was a slow night on the airwaves, with the talking heads focusing on a speech given by Prime Minister Moustafa Madbouly at Fayoum yesterday (watch, runtime: 25:43). The presser got coverage from Kelma Akhira, Masaa DMC, Al Hayah Al Youm, Ala Mas’ouleety among others. Here are the highlights:

More tax breaks for high-value manufacturing: Cabinet is considering new incentives to attract investment in advanced industries including electric-vehicle assembly, Madbouly said. Under the plans, companies investing in target industries could see their tax bill slashed by 70%. The government is also considering amending the 2017 Investment Law to extend incentives set to expire in 2023 for an additional five years, he said.

The IDA is getting its act together on licensing: Some 20k industrial licenses have been issued by the Industrial Development Authority (IDA) since the introduction of a new system over the summer to speed up the licensing process, Madbouly said. The new system sees licenses issued within no more than 20 days.

No turning back on mega-projects: The PM insisted that the government has no choice but to continue on with expensive national projects in response to calls for their suspension amid soaring inflation and rising economic headwinds. “We’re talking here about a state that is being built. If such projects are not implemented [in the current period], it will be implemented later at double the cost,” he said.

The National Dialogue still got attention on the talk shows, with Masaa DMC (watch, runtime: 10:30) and Al Hayah Al Youm (watch, runtime: 6:40) both covering Monday’s board meeting that selected several rapporteurs to the political, economic and social committees


Slow doesn’t begin to describe the amount of attention Egypt is getting internationally this morning. Not that we’re complaining.


Would-be investors in Ghazl El Mahalla have a week to cancel their orders following the club’s failed IPO, according to an EGX bulletin (pdf). The 500 retail investors who subscribed to the offering have the option to pull their money or remain on board as private shareholders until the club gives the IPO another shot. Just 18% of the 98 mn shares in the retail component were covered in a subscription period that lasted more than two months.

Ghazl El Mahalla hasn’t thrown in the towel just yet: The firm plans to wait until mid-2023 until trying again, Mohamed Maher, CEO of IPO bookrunner Prime Holdings, told us previously. “We may change our strategy next time and include a strategic investor,” he said.


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US equities are the best of a bad bunch amid global turmoil: Investors are still piling into US stocks despite their weak performance as they seek a safe haven from even rockier international markets, the Wall Street Journal reports. US equity-focused stock and mutual funds saw net inflows in four of the past six weeks, according to Refinitiv data cited by the WSJ. By contrast, investors have been pulling out of international stock funds for 20 consecutive weeks — the longest streak of outflows in almost three years. “The US looks the least challenged in a very challenging world,” said Christopher Smart, chief global strategist at Barings.

Porsche could go public in what could be one of the world’s biggest IPOs this year: Volkswagen plans to float a 25% stake in its iconic sports car brand Porsche on the Frankfurt exchange later this month or early October, the carmaker said in a statement. The IPO could value Porsche at some USD 60-85 bn, making it the the largest in Europe since 1999 and among the biggest in German history, Reuters reports, citing data from Refinitiv. The Qatari sovereign fund could come onboard as a cornerstone investor and is eyeing a 4.99% stake, according to the newswire.

Don’t get too excited: The listing remains subject to market conditions — which haven’t been too great recently. Sources close to the negotiations told Reuters the sale could be extended or pulled if investor interest is weak.


  • Accounting giant Ernst & Young is expected to approve this week a breakup plan splitting its auditing and consulting firms. (WSJ)
  • Instagram handed large fine for privacy violations: Irish regulators have levied a record EUR 405 mn fine against Instagram over mishandling children’s data. (WSJ)




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The EGX30 rose 1.5% at yesterday’s close on turnover of EGP 1.90 bn (53.6% above the 90-day average). Local investors were net buyers, with market chatter suggesting locals are positioning themselves in names they think will benefit what they hope is a market rally after the announcement of an IMF assistance package. The index is down 13.6% YTD.

In the green: Fawry (+7.6%), Elsewedy Electric (+5.0%) and Heliopolis Housing (+4.0%).

In the red: Eastern Company (-1.3%), Rameda (-1.1%) and Telecom Egypt (-1.0%).

Asian markets are solidly in the red this morning with the singular exception of Shanghai, where shares are clinging to modest gains. CNBC says investors to our east are holding in place in anticipation of today’s release of the so-called Beige Book — the US Federal Reserve’s summary of current economic conditions. Futures suggest shares in Europe, the US and Canada will all open in the red later today, with only Paris’ CAC 40 bucking the trend.


Drama at the Arab League: Egyptian diplomats led by Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry walked out of an Arab League session chaired by the foreign minister of the Tripoli-based government in Libya, state-run Ahram Online reports, citing statements by FM spokesman Ahmed Abu Zeid to MENA. Egypt backs the rival eastern administration led by Fathy Bashagha, who was appointed the country’s prime minister by the House of Representatives following failed elections last year.

ALSO IN DIPLOMACY- President Abdel Fattah El Sisi held talks with his Palestinian counterpart Mahmoud Abbas and Algerian Foreign Minister Ramtane Lamamra yesterday. Statements from Ittihadiya were light on details.


What do electric and gas utility companies think of the state’s privatization plan? As part of its state ownership policy document, the government is looking to open the door to more private sector involvement in electric and gas utilities. Stakeholders in the electric and gas utility industries gathered late last month to share their thoughts on what the sector needs and to lay out recommendations on how to bring the private sector on board.

The takeaway: There is plenty of potential for private sector players to enter the sector — particularly in renewable energy, EV charging stations and green hydrogen — but most industry players agree the government should still have a hand in electricity distribution and pricing mechanisms that take socioeconomic conditions into account.

A refresher on the state’s privatization drive: Every Sunday and Tuesday, workshops are held as part of a series of public consultations over the policy document — which lays out privatization plans on specific industries. These come as the government seeks to widen private sector involvement in the economy over the next three years, and aims to draw new investments worth some USD 40 bn over the next four by selling stakes in state-owned assets to local and international investors. You can refresh your memory of what went down with the pharma industry, FMCG players, textiles and garment manufacturers, and the education and higher education industries in our previous coverage.

Some think the door is wide open to the private sector: Private sector electricity and gas utility companies — there are at least 56 of them in the country — are welcome to invest in the industry while the government regulates their activities, Nassim Youssef, a member of the engineering industries division at the Federation of Egyptian Industries (FEI) told Enterprise. There’s a clear distinction between state-owned enterprises and private companies in terms of their operations, Youssef says, which is why we’ve been seeing lots of private investment in the sector come in over the past couple of years.

But the private sector wants to see more incentives: When it comes to the production, transmission, and distribution of electricity, private sector players want to see more lucrative incentives offered from the government, Ahmed Megahed, a representative from MEG told us. This is especially important for those looking to get into solar power generation and EV battery manufacturing, Megahed said. We need a comprehensive system in place for the private sector to produce and distribute electricity, especially in renewable energy, Infinity’s Hesham El Gamal told us.

Locally manufactured electrical equipment could be a good entry point for private sector players: Locally manufacturing electrical equipment — which includes things like electrical meters to e-payment services -– really needs more private investment, Hossam Afifi, president of North Cairo Electricity Distribution, tells us. This view is shared by other industry insiders like Sherif Zohair, head of the Egyptian Electric Utility & Consumer Protection Regulatory Agency (Egyptera), who noted that the Energy Act gave the private sector wider access to energy production and distribution, as well as building out network infrastructure such as manufacturing and setting up distribution cables.

New cities might also be a good place for the private sector to get involved: The private sector is also already involved in electricity production and distribution — especially in new cities and the new administrative capital, Zohair says. But there remains a wealth of potential avenues for the private sector to get involved in electricity distribution in new cities, Basma Amer, director of the electricity division at Encom Energy told us. Private sector players are capable of efficiently managing electricity distribution services in new urban areas, Amer adds. This kind of arrangement would support government efforts to provide stable electrical power to dense urban areas, she explained.

Bill collection could also be a sub-sector that private sector companies get into, Enjaz Energy Chairman Said Azzouz said.

The electricity distribution market is quite lucrative right now, Ahmed Nady, director of operations at Epower, told us. That’s because private sector companies are currently capable of managing electricity and gas distribution for homes and vehicles, Mohamed Zakaria, vice president of Taqa Arabia explained.

So is supplying natural gas: Supplying natural gas to vehicles through extending stations’ supply lines, building new stations or simply securing the rights to operate them are increasingly attractive areas of investment for private sector players, Gastec President Abdel Fattah Farahat tells us.

And there’s room for state-owned enterprises and private companies to work together: Public-private partnerships in municipal natural gas distribution are already in play, Gasco president, Yasser Salah El Din, says, but government investment in natural gas distribution is still needed. The sentiment is shared by EGAS Vice President Ashraf Habib, who says that while private sector players are key partners in natural gas extraction and distribution as well as production of other gas derivatives, the government should maintain its role in transporting gas.

A PPP setup would be particularly beneficial from a cost and efficiency perspective: The costs of building out cable networks and electricity distribution companies are hefty — and often too big for private companies, Elsewedy Cables Vice President for Projects Ashraf Ahmed told us. It would therefore be a more efficient setup for the government to invest in the infrastructure and then bring in private sector companies through a PPP framework to increase the efficiency of the network. Private sector companies could also help remedy inefficiencies in the overall system by taking charge of electricity generation through a usufruct framework, Ahmed suggests.

Your top infrastructure stories for the week:

  • A bidding round for Borg El Arab dry port? A consortium led by Alpha Capital is reportedly among companies planning to submit an offer in October to establish, operate and manage the dry port at Borg El Arab at an investment cost of USD 180 mn.
  • It’s going to get easier today for owners of overseas yachts to pitch up in Egypt: The Transport Ministry is launching its one-stop-shop for yacht owners to get the permits they need to come to Egypt and moor at marina’s across the country.


OUR CALENDAR APPEARS in two sections:

  • Events with specific dates or months are right here up top
  • Events happening in a quarter or other range of time with no specific date / month appear at the bottom of the calendar.


September: Central Bank of Egypt’s Innovation and Financial Technology Center to launch incubator for 25 fintech startups.

September: Egyptian-German Joint Economic Committee.

September: A delegation from Germany’s Aldi will visit Egypt to look at potential investments.

September: Government to launch an international promotional campaign for Egyptian tourism.

September: Egypt will host the second edition of the Egypt-International Cooperation Forum (ICF).

5-8 September (Monday-Thursday): Gastech 2022, Milan, Italy.

6-9 September (Tuesday-Friday): Gate Travel Expo 2022, El Qubba Palace, Cairo.

7-9 September (Wednesday-Friday): Second edition of Egypt-ICF at Almasa Convention Center at the New Administrative Capital + African Finance Ministers meeting to coordinate an African-led position during COP27.

10 September (Saturday): National Dialogue board meeting to name 30 rapporteurs and assistant rapporteurs for 15 political, social and economic subcommittees.

8 September (Thursday): European Central Bank monetary policy meeting.

11-13 September (Sunday-Tuesday): Environment and Development Forum (EDF), InterContinental City Stars, Cairo.

12 September (Monday): Consoleya will host a Business Meet-up by Cairo Angels, which will focus on Nigeria’s tech ecosystem.

12-13 September (Monday-Tuesday): Cityscape holds its first pre-summit ahead of the main annual exhibition.

14 September (Wednesday): Expedition Investments’ MTO for Domty expires.

15 September (Thursday): Deadline for B Investments to respond to Adnoc’s bid for TotalEnergies Egypt.

15 September (Thursday): Deadline to apply for the fifth phase of the export subsidy program.

15 September (Thursday): Egypt and UN-led regional climate roundtable ahead of COP27, Beirut, Lebanon.

15 September (Thursday): The deadline for receiving offers for the renovation of the historic Grand Continental Hotel.

15 September (Thursday): The first Gas Exporting Countries Forum Coordination Meeting in the Run-up to COP 27.

18 September (Sunday): Deadline for brokerage firms, asset managers and financial advisors to register with the Egyptian Securities Federation.

19-22 September (Monday-Thursday): EFG Hermes One on One Conference, Dubai.

20 September (Tuesday): Fifth Egypt and UN-led regional climate roundtable ahead of COP27, Geneva, Switzerland.

20-21 September (Tuesday-Wednesday): Federal Reserve interest rate meeting.

22 September (Thursday): Central Bank of Egypt’s Monetary Policy Committee meeting.

22 September (Thursday): Deadline to submit prequalification applications for companies interested in submitting a proposal for sea water desalination projects

25-27 September (Sunday-Tuesday) A delegation of executives at Egyptian real estate companies visit Saudi Arabia to present developers with potential investments in Egypt’s real estate sector.

26–27 September (Monday-Tuesday): The Africa Women Innovation and Entrepreneurship Forum (AWIEF) at the Cairo Marriott Hotel.

27-29 September (Tuesday-Thursday): Africa Renewables Investment Summit (ARIS), Cape Town, South Africa.

28-29 September (Wednesday-Thursday): The sixth edition of Arab Pensions and Social Ins. Conference in Sharm El Sheikh.


October: House of Representatives reconvenes after summer recess

October: Air Sphinx, EgyptAir’s low-cost subsidiary to commence operations.

October: Fuel pricing committee meets to decide quarterly fuel prices.

1 October (Saturday): Use of Nafeza becomes compulsory for air freight.

1 October (Saturday): Start of 2022-2023 school year.

1 October (Saturday): 2022- 2023 academic year begins for public universities.

4-8 October (Tuesday-Saturday): The Chemical and Fertilizers Export Council of the Trade and Industry Ministry is organizing a trade mission to Kenya.

6 October (Thursday): Armed Forces Day, national holiday.

8 October (Saturday): Prophet Muhammad’s birthday, national holiday.

10-16 October (Monday-Sunday): World Bank and IMF annual meetings, Washington, DC.

15 October (Saturday): Cairo Metro will launch a global tender for maintenance work on the power stations and overhead catenary system of Line 1.

16-19 October (Sunday-Wednesday): Cairo Water Week 2022, Nile Ritz Carlton, Cairo.

18-20 October (Tuesday-Thursday): Mediterranean Offshore Conference, Alexandria.

27 October (Thursday): European Central Bank monetary policy meeting.

Late October-14 November: 3Q2022 earnings season.


1-2 November (Tuesday-Wednesday): Federal Reserve interest rate meeting.

1-2 November (Tuesday-Wednesday): Arab League annual summit, Algiers, Algeria.

3 November (Thursday): Central Bank of Egypt’s Monetary Policy Committee meeting.

3-5 November (Thursday-Saturday): Egypt Fashion Week.

4-6 November (Friday-Sunday): Autotech auto exhibition, Cairo International Exhibition and Convention Center.

6-18 November (Sunday-Friday): Egypt will host COP27 in Sharm El Sheikh.

7 November (Monday): The inauguration of the first line of the high-speed rail.

7-13 November (Mon-Sun): The International University Sports Federation (FISU) World University Squash Championships, New Giza.

21 November-18 December (Monday-Sunday): 2022 Fifa World Cup, Qatar.


13-14 December (Tuesday-Wednesday): Federal Reserve interest rate meeting.

13-15 December (Tuesday-Thursday): US-Africa Leaders Summit.

15 December (Thursday): European Central Bank monetary policy meeting.

22 December (Thursday): Central Bank of Egypt’s Monetary Policy Committee meeting.

December: The Sixth of October dry port will begin operations.

December: Egypt to expand Sudan electricity link capacity to 300 MW.


January: EGX-listed companies and non-bank lenders will submit ESG reports for the first time.

January: Fuel pricing committee meets to decide quarterly fuel prices.

1 January (Sunday): Residential electricity bills are set to rise as per the government’s six-year roadmap (pdf) to restructure electricity prices by 2025.

7 January (Saturday): Coptic Christmas.

24 January-6 February: The 54th Cairo International Book Fair, Egypt International Exhibition Center

25 January (Wednesday): 25 January revolution anniversary / Police Day.

26 January (Thursday): National holiday in observance of 25 January revolution anniversary / Police Day.


11 February (Saturday): Second semester of 2022-2023 academic year begins for public universities.

13-15 February (Monday-Wednesday): The Egypt Petroleum Show (Egyps), Egypt International Exhibition Center, Cairo.

MARCH 2023

March: 4Q2022 earnings season.

23 March (Wednesday) — First day of Ramadan (TBC). Maghreb will be at 6:08pm CLT.

APRIL 2023

17 April (Monday): Sham El Nessim.

22 April (Saturday): Eid El Fitr (TBC).

25 April (Tuesday): Sinai Liberation Day.

27 April (Thursday): National holiday in observance of Sinai Liberation Day (TBC).

Late April – 15 May: 1Q2023 earnings season.

MAY 2023

1 May (Monday): Labor Day.

4 May (Thursday) National holiday in observance of Labor Day (TBC).

22-26 May (Monday-Friday): Egypt will host the African Development Bank (AfDB) annual meetings in Sharm El Sheikh.

JUNE 2023

19-21 June (Monday-Wednesday) Egypt Infrastructure and Water Expo debuts at the Egypt International Exhibition Center.

28 June-2 July (Wednesday-Sunday): Eid El Adha (TBC).

30 June (Friday): June 30 Revolution Day.

JULY 2023

18 July (Tuesday): Islamic New Year.

20 July (Thursday): National holiday in observance of Islamic New Year (TBC).

23 July (Sunday): Revolution Day.

27 July (Thursday): National holiday in observance of Revolution Day.

Late July-14 August: 2Q2023 earnings season.


26 September (Tuesday): Prophet Muhammad’s birthday (TBC).

28 September (Thursday): National holiday in observance of Prophet Muhammad’s birthday (TBC).


6 October (Friday): Armed Forces Day.

Late October-14 November: 3Q2023 earnings season.


2H 2022: The inauguration of the Grand Egyptian Museum.

2H 2022: IEF-IGU Ministerial Gas Forum, Egypt. Date + location TBA.

2H 2022: The government will have vaccinated 70% of the population.

3Q 2022: Ayady’s consumer financing arm, The Egyptian Company for Consumer Finance Services, to release its first financing product.

3Q 2022: Swvl to close acquisition of Urbvan Mobility.

4Q 2022: Infinity + Africa Finance Corporation to close acquisition of Lekela Power.

4Q 2022: Electricity Ministry to tender six solar projects in Aswan Governorate.

4Q2022: Raya Holding subsidiary Aman and Qalaa Holdings’ Taqa Arabia to launch their fintech company.

End of 2022: Decent Life first phase scheduled for completion.

End of 2022: e-Aswaaq’s tourism platform will complete the roll out of its ticketing and online booking portal across Egypt.

2023: Egypt will host the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank’s Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors in 2023.

1Q 2023: Adnoc Distribution’s acquisition of 50% of TotalEnergies Egypt to close.

**Note to readers: Some national holidays may appear twice above. Since 2020, Egypt has observed most mid-week holidays on Thursdays regardless of the day on which they fall and may also move those days to Sundays. We distinguish above between the actual holiday and its observance.

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