Monday, 24 January 2022

AM — With IPOs, SPACs and a fintech-based MMF, it’s a big day for capital markets nerds



It’s a crazy morning for capital markets nerds — in the best possible way. We have two IPOs inching toward the finish line, the EGX looks about to get its first SPAC, and the folks at Fawry and Misr Capital are doing a fintech-based money market fund. Coming on the heels of Fawry’s announcement about a capital increase and possible US share listing? We can’t remember a January this exciting in years.

Wait, what’s a fintech-based MMF? Think of it as Fawry doing distribution (retail investors can buy in at any of the company’s PoSes or branches) while Misr Capital handles management. We have chapter and verse on all of that in this morning’s news well.

PSA- It’s a four-day workweek for banks: The Central Bank of Egypt confirmed yesterday that the nation’s banks will be closed on Thursday in observance of Police / Revolution Day, which falls on this Tuesday, 25 January. Prime Minister Moustafa Madbouly confirmed over the weekend that public sector workers will take the day off. Expect the EGX to follow suit shortly with its own announcement — if banks are closed, the stock market cannot trade.

THE BIG STORY ABROAD- The information war between the US / UK and Russia over Ukraine is continuing this morning, as the two sides continue to trade accusations of coup-plotting and disinformation while Washington mulls pouring more military hardware into eastern Europe. The story dominates the world’s front pages this morning. In brief:

  • Washington considers deploying military to Europe: The Biden administration is considering sending thousands of troops, naval ships and aircraft to Eastern Europe (New York Times)
  • US evacuates families of diplomatic staff: The US has ominously ordered the families of diplomats serving in Ukraine to evacuate the country. (Associated Press)
  • UK coup accusations branded “stupid”: The Ukrainian ex-MP accused by the UK yesterday of being groomed by Putin to head a puppet government in Kiev called the allegations “stupid” and is considering legal action. (Reuters)
  • Still, the UK is threatening sanctions: Russia will face “serious consequences” if it installs a “puppet regime” in Ukraine, deputy PM Dominic Raab said yesterday. (Reuters)

Meanwhile, a senior French embassy official reached out yesterday to say that it is “incorrect” that France is “somehow advocating for a separate dialogue on Russia.” The official pointed to an NPR interview of Emmanuel Bonne, the top diplomatic advisor to French President Emmanuel Macron. Bonne was recently in Washington for talks with his US counterpart, Jake Sullivan, on the crisis in Ukraine.

ALSO- Coming off of a week-to-forget, where next for financial markets? Down, if Asian markets this morning are of any indication. Shares in China, Hong Kong and South Korea are in the red in trading today, though the Nikkei and Australia’s ASX are the outliers and have seen early gains.

European shares look set to follow suit later today: Stock futures are down across the board this morning. US futures are currently pointing to early gains but if volatility continues in Europe, you can expect that to change.

On everybody's minds: The US Federal Reserve will have its first policy meeting of 2022 on Tuesday and Wednesday, where it is widely expected to confirm that March will see the first in a series of 0.25-percentage-point interest rate hikes in a bid to curb rising inflation, the Financial Times reports. The Fed has penciled in three rate hikes in 2022 and an end to its asset purchase program in March, but some have suggested that the central bank could lay the groundwork to hike rates more aggressively and end asset-buying immediately at this week’s meeting.


Algerian President and Defense Minister Abdelmadjid Tebboune is in Egypt for a two-day visit starting today, the Algerian presidency said last night. The statement didn’t provide any information about the president’s schedule.

Lebanon will begin virtual talks today with the IMF over a potential USD 69 bn financial rescue package, official sources told Reuters, as the country seeks to secure funding sometime in January or February to help claw its way out of a deep economic crisis that has been compounded by political instability and corruption scandals.


Nahr Elkhair Development and Investment’s shares will reportedly start trading on the EGX tomorrow. The company will directly list its shares on the bourse, without offering shares to investors via subscription, according to Al Shorouk.


So you’re an ESG investor, huh? You’re still helping to pollute the planet, James Mackintosh tells us in a piece in the Wall Street Journal that highlights the tension between shareholder value and the normative economics of ESG investing.

This isn’t a signpost to go all-in cynical on ESG: Mackintosh makes a point of telling us straight up that ESG isn’t a complete waste of time. The trouble, he says, is that ESG investors want to have their cake and eat it: they want to stop environmental degradation, improve working conditions and treat suppliers fairly — as long as it doesn’t hurt their bottom lines. And even when successful — like when they force the sale of a dirty power plant or mine? Well, the point is that “selling off assets or shares by itself does nothing to save the planet, because someone else bought them. Just as much oil and coal is dug up and burned as before, under different ownership.”

While shareholder value continues to take priority, ESG will remain an investment trend that’s better for making investors feel good about themselves than it is for the planet, Mackintosh argues.

But Enterprise, don’t you like ESG investing? We think it’s very possible to make a buck and do good for the planet (and all of us who dwell on it) at the same time. But there are critiques that need to be heard and considered, and the WSJ is beating the drum loudly on this one: It sent out an alert to subscribers that Mackintosh’s column is the “first in a series” of pieces that will look critically at ESG.

Meanwhile, in Brussels: The European Commission could face a lawsuit over its designation of nuclear power and natural gas as “green investments,” the Financial Times reports. Austria and Luxembourg are threatening to pursue a lawsuit if the EU’s controversial green taxonomy is approved in its current form, while Spain could opt for its own framework that excludes nuclear and gas. Designed to reduce greenwashing in the financing industry, the rules have been received with controversy since coming out earlier this month. The taxonomy is currently under review and could become law by the summer unless a supermajority of EU countries or the bloc’s parliament moves to block it.


Startups have until next Sunday, 30 January to apply for the spring 2022 cycle of EGBank’s Mint Incubator. The incubator offers two tracks: A sector-agnostic track for startups at the MVP stage, and a fintech track that accepts early-stage startups both at the ideation and MVP stages. Main founders must be between 16-35 years old. You can apply here.

The Cairo International Book Fair starts on Thursday at the Egypt International Exhibition Center. Members of the public will be allowed to enter without providing proof of vaccination, the Culture Ministry said last week. The two-week event runs through to 7 February.

Check out our full calendar on the web for a comprehensive listing of upcoming news events, national holidays and news triggers.


*** It’s Blackboard day: We have our weekly look at the business of education in Egypt, from pre-K through the highest reaches of higher ed. Blackboard appears every Monday in Enterprise in the place of our traditional industry news roundups.

In today’s issue: We talk with British Council Egypt Country Director, Elizabeth White, British Council Egypt Head of Science, Shaimaa ElBanna, and British Council CEO, Scott McDonald, about the new climate change grants being awarded by British Council Egypt to promote partnerships between universities and higher education institutions in Egypt and the UK. 11 grants are being awarded, each worth GBP 35k. Applications are currently under review, with successful applicants due to be notified during the week beginning 13 February.



What the new incoming Labor Act means for your business

A draft of an overhauled Labor Act regulating practices in the private sector is currently still under discussion at the Senate, which has so far approved several articles in the legislation. Once the Senate gives it the all-clear, the bill will be passed back to the House of Representatives, where it will be put to a vote for final approval. If the House passes the Act, it would replace the current Labor Act of 2003. We had a chat with our friends at ALC Alieldean Weshahi & Partners to break down the key changes that you need to know about in the law as it stands.

Are the changes pro-employer or pro-employee? It’s complicated.

Wages + bonuses: The bill would set a minimum annual raise requirement equal to 3% of the employee’s wage amount covered by social ins., according to article 12 of the law. The current law sets minimum annual raises at 7% of an employee’s basic salary.

The new law would cut out a practice that some companies have used to avoid having staff with open-ended contracts. Under the current law, an employee’s fixed-term contract (typically lasting one year, but sometimes two years) is converted to an open-ended contract if they continue in their role beyond the contract’s term. The new law would, if passed, decree that any employee contracted to work with the same employer for four years (i.e. under four consecutive one-year contracts or two back-to-back two-year contracts) automatically enters an open-ended contract. Some employers today provide staff with new fixed-term contracts prior to the expiry date of the previous one rather than renewing existing contracts. The draft law would make that impossible by defining a contract as permanent after a four-year “employment relationship.”

Two months’ notice required if a fixed-term contract is terminated early: Employers who decide to end a fixed-term employment contract — and have legal grounds to justify doing so — must provide written notice to the other party at least two months in advance, according to article 131. They would also be required to provide a severance package equivalent to one month of pay for each year of service with the current employer. Employees must also give two months notice before leaving a fixed-term contract. This article would reduce the notice period from the three months required under the current law.

Want to quit an open-ended contract? You need to give three months’ notice. If an employer wants to dismiss an employee on an open-ended contract for cause, they would be required to give three months’ notice, as per article 133. Employees would also be required to give a three-month notice period before leaving an open-ended contract. The only way around the three-month notice requirement is if the employer provides a severance package equivalent to pay for the notice period.

Unlawful termination: Employees on open-ended contracts would be entitled to a compensation package equivalent to two months of pay for every year worked if they are dismissed without due cause, article 142 of the new law stipulates. Unlawful grounds for dismissal include the employee being active in a syndicate; filing a complaint or lawsuit against the employer for not meeting labor requirements; taking their allowed vacation time; or on the basis of gender, race, socioeconomic status, religion, or political opinion, or for being pregnant. We understand that employees on fixed-term contracts who are terminated without cause would need to be bought out of their contracts, i.e., the employer must give them the full pay that they would have received had they remained in the role to the end of the contract’s term.

Working hours: Employers would be required to cap each employee’s workday to eight hours per day, or 48 hours per week, not including breaks (which must be at least one hour). Employees are required to have at least one paid day off per week. The bill would also require companies to cut at least one hour from each working day for pregnant women in their third trimester, and would bar overtime for women from the beginning of their pregnancies until the end of the second trimester.

Annual leave for employees after completing one year of social ins.-covered employment remains unchanged (21 days per annum), but the bill would also set a 15-day minimum annual leave for employees who haven’t hit the one-year mark. Employees who have been covered by social ins. for 10 years or more would get 30 days off per year, and those aged 50 or above and persons with disabilities would get 45 days of annual leave each year.

SMART POLICY- Maternity leave: The new bill would increase paid maternity leave to four months from the current three months, including leave taken before giving birth. Article 50 stipulates that at least 45 days of the total leave must be taken after giving birth, and caps the number of maternity leaves per employee to three, up from the two currently allowed. The new bill would also scrap a requirement for women to pass the 10-month mark at their role to be granted maternity leave.

All companies with 25 employees or more would also be required to offer an extended two-year unpaid leave to new mothers, as per article 72. The current law sets that stipulation at businesses with 50+ employees.

BAD POLICY- The Senate struck down an article that would have granted new fathers a 7-day paternity leave during the six months after a baby’s birth.


Moving closer to Macro Group + Ghazl El Mahalla IPOs

The Financial Regulatory Authority (FRA) has given Macro Group the green light to publish the public subscription notice for its upcoming IPO, according to an FRA statement (pdf) dated 20 January. The group will sell up to 264.5 mn shares — or 45.8% of the company — at a maximum price of EGP 6.05 per share, making the IPO worth up to EGP 1.6 bn and valuing the company at as much as EGP 3.5 bn.

The approval comes after the bourse listing committee signed off on Macro listing its shares on the EGX earlier this month under the ticker MCRO.CA.

It’s presently unclear when trading will begin on Macro’s shares. The company would need to apply for an extension if it did not list before a late-January deadline, FRA head Mohamed Omran said in December, but the FRA has lately telegraphed that it could be flexible on the deadline to complete transactions for companies that have listed their shares but not executed sales. Macro plans to make its EGX debut sometime in the first quarter of 2022, a source familiar with the matter told Enterprise previously, adding that the exact timeline for the IPO has not yet been set. Market conditions are critical to the timing of any IPO. Enterprise reached out to a company representative but did not receive a response before dispatch time.

Background: Macro Group postponed its IPO plans in April 2021 despite strong appetite from international institutional investors, citing concern for the market’s capacity to absorb a packed offerings schedule on the EGX. The company was about to kick off retail subscription when the listing was postponed, with shares priced at between EGP 5.30-6.15 apiece, valuing the company at EGP 3.1-3.6 bn. Sources told us last month that the company would start the book building process from scratch following the holiday season.

Advisors: Our friends at EFG Hermes are quarterbacking the transaction as sole global coordinator. EFG Hermes and Renaissance Capital are acting as joint bookrunners, while White & Case is counsel to the issuer. Inktank is investor relations advisor to Macro.


Ghazl El Mahalla FC will list on the EGX in early February, Al Mal reports club president Ali Al Abbasi as saying yesterday. The football club is offering a 67.5% stake in its IPO, which is expected to raise a total of EGP 135 mn after attracting EGP 37 mn from institutional investors during the private placement.

The club is planning to release the IPO prospectus before the end of the month, Al Borsa reports, quoting Mohamed Maher, head of bookrunner Prime Holding.


Dsquares is jumping on the SPAC train

EDITOR’S NOTE- Dsquares founder Marwan Kenawy has denied Al Shorouk’s reporting on this story since it was published, as we noted in a follow-up story.

Dsquares is jumping on the SPAC train: Loyalty services provider Dsquares is looking to establish a special-purpose acquisition vehicle (SPAC) and is currently working on fulfilling the Financial Regulatory Authority’s (FRA) requirements for the listing of SPACs on the EGX, Al Shorouk reports, citing unnamed sources.

The target: Dsquares would look for its blank-check firm to merge with another company operating in customer offers and discounts, Al Shorouk reported the sources as saying, without providing any further details.

The company hasn’t decided on the form its offering will take, and is currently mulling whether it will be a public subscription or private offering, Al Shorkouk claims.

About Dsquares: The Cairo-based startup provides end-to-end loyalty, rewards and concierge services. Investors include Lorax Capital Partners, our friends at Algebra Ventures, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the International Finance Corporation, Cisco, and the Egyptian-American Enterprise Fund.

Next steps: Investors that want to set up a SPAC first need to obtain a venture capital license. A board of directors is appointed next, with a chairman who complies with the FRA’s regulations and guidelines for private equity firms. The blank-check firm would then be publicly listed on the EGX and have one month in which to raise capital from investors via a share sale. The funds raised would be placed into an interest-bearing bank account for a maximum of two years while it looks for a company to acquire or merge with.

We’re expecting our first SPAC to be established soon: “At the end of this month or early next month, we will have the first blank check company,” FRA chief Mohamed Omran said. The SPAC would be the first to list on the EGX and would have initial capital — pre fundraising — of EGP 10 mn, which is the minimum requirement set by the FRA. The SPAC must have at least EGP 100 mn in capital to complete an acquisition or merger and at least 80% of the SPAC’s capital must be used to acquire a target company.

Is this the start of a SPAC rush in Egypt? The FRA late last year issued the rules and regulations for establishing local blank-check firms, after the regulator greenlit EGX boss Mohamed Farid’s proposal to allow SPACs in Egypt. The proposal was partly driven by an increased interest in SPACs in the MENA region, following Swvl’s move to merge with blank-check firm US Queen’s Gambit Growth Capital and list on the Nasdaq, as well as Anghami’s plans to hit the Nasdaq after a merger with Vistas Media Acquisition Company.


Fawry + Misr Capital launch MENA’s first fintech-based money market fund

Fawry and Misr Capital are launching the MENA region’s first fintech-based money market fund, Fawry Yawmy, Fawry announced in a press release (pdf) yesterday. The money market fund, which is set to launch on 30 January, is being targeted at individual retail investors with an initial investment ticket of EGP 500. Would-be investors can buy in through any of Fawry’s 160 branches or 250k point-of-sale machines and, later this year, through the MyFawry app.

What’s a money market fund? It’s a type of mutual fund that invests in short-term, high-liquidity assets including currency, currency-equivalent securities, and debt-based securities, with the aim of offering a low-risk, highly liquid investment. Investopedia has lots more. Fawry Yawmy will “further facilitate retail investors’ entry to the Egyptian debt market,” said Fawry CEO and founder Ashraf Sabry.

This is the first co-sponsorship of a fund for Fawry, and the second for Misr Capital, which launched a USD 380 mn specialist fund with Elevate Private Equity last year. Misr Capital is one of the region’s largest mutual fund investment managers, CEO Khalil Bawab said in the release.

This comes as Fawry plans to expand its consumer financing and non-banking financial services offering, with a plan to raise its capital by EGP 800 mn through a rights issue to shareholders in 1H2022.

CORRECTION- We incorrectly said in yesterday’s edition of EnterpriseAM that Fawry’s most recent capital increase was in November 2020. The company most recently completed an EGP 400 mn capital increase through a rights issuance in June 2021. The story has been updated on our website.


Evolve Investment to launch gold-backed investment fund

Evolve Investment Holding plans to launch a gold-backed investment fund that will invest in precious metals, CEO Sameh El Torgoman told Al Mal in an interview (watch, runtime: 1:16:48). The fund will be set up with EGP 500 mn in initial capital and is geared towards investors who want to trade in gold through gold-backed securities that track its price. The company is in talks with three financial institutions over their potential participation in the fund.

Gold-backed fund? Exchange-traded gold-backed funds are regulated financial products, where each share corresponds to a specific amount of gold. Think of it as a way of getting exposure to gold without having to buy physical bars. The share price reflects the underlying gold price. The World Gold Council has lots more if you want to dive deeper.

About Evolve: The company, which opened its doors this year, plans to launch multiple precious-metals-focused funds. Evolve’s physical gold-trading arm, Gold Net Trading, began operations in October 2019. Torgoman says he holds a 51% stake in the company, while eight other “well-known” investors hold the rest, according to Al Mal.

This is all pending application for regulatory approval, El Torgoman said. There have as yet been no official proposals submitted to establish gold funds in Egypt, Al Arabiya reported Financial Regulatory Authority (FRA) head Mohamed Omran as saying last week.

Evolve isn’t the first company to tap the gold market: Banque Misr also announced plans to launch a gold investment fund last year.


CBE grants KfW’s Green for Growth Fund tier-two debt license

German development bank KfW’s Green for Growth Fund (GGF) now has a license from the Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) to act as a “tier-two” lender in Egypt, the fund announced in a press release (pdf) yesterday. The license will see GGF provide loans to Egyptian banks to help finance energy efficiency, resource efficiency and renewable energy projects.

Background: The GGF is a public-private partnership fund initiated by the European Investment Bank and KfW that finances green projects in 19 countries, both directly and to financial institutions for on-lending. It has made EUR 99 mn in sub-loan investments in Egypt since its founding in 2009. It has previously provided National Bank of Egypt, Alexbank, and Banque du Caire with facilities of USD 10-30 mn to finance local green projects.


NBE, local banks to dish out another EGP 25 bn to Geico for Abu Qir Port: The National Bank of Egypt (NBE) will lead a banking syndicate offering an EGP 25 bn loan to construction firm Gharably Integrated Engineering Company (Geico) for the development of the New Abu Qir city and port, reports Al Shorouk, citing unnamed sources it says has knowledge of the matter. Enterprise reached out to NBE officials, who did not return a request for comment by dispatch time.

This is double the amount Geico secured last September. The construction outfit received a EGP 12.3 bn loan, through a consortium of local state-owned and private sector banks, to upgrade the Abu Qir port. NBE Chairman Hisham Okasha had said it was the largest joint loan of 2021 and the largest financing for a contracting operation in recent years. Geico had in January 2021 signed an EGP 3.8 bn syndicated loan agreement to upgrade the port.



Standard Chartered to open in Egypt: Kelma Akhira’s Lamees El Hadidi dropped the big business news of the night last night, reporting during her show that British bank Standard Chartered has received preliminary approval from the Central Bank of Egypt to open its first branch in Egypt in the next six months (watch, runtime: 2:34). The bank has repeatedly tried in recent years to expand into the Egyptian market by acquiring local banks. The bank’s entry has not yet been confirmed by an official source. EFG Hermes’ chief MENA economist Mohamed Abu Basha was on hand to provide the analysis (watch, runtime: 9:03).

The bank’s entry underscores that Egypt “is attractive to many foreign and regional banks,” Abu Basha said, adding that there is a wide space in the market for a newcomer to offer retail banking services including loans to individuals and SMEs.

About Standard Chartered: The emerging-markets focused lender operates in 59 markets and is listed on the London Stock Exchange and two Asian bourses. In November, the bank said it expected earnings to be flat in 2021 on the back of the “uneven recovery” in its main Asian, African and Middle East markets. The bank has been reducing its physical presence in recent years, last summer announcing plans to close half its branches and cut global office space by a third amid the pandemic.


It’s crickets on Egypt in the foreign press this morning. Take a moment to enjoy the silence.


Egypt to get USD 2.6 bn in financing from ITFC? The International Islamic Trade Finance Corporation (ITFC) has approved USD 2.6 bn in funding for “development projects” in Egypt, ITFC CEO Hani Sonbol said following a meeting with Trade Minister Nevine Gamea, according to a ministry statement. No further details were provided on where the money will be spent, nor when it will be disbursed. The ITFC provided the General Authority for Supply Commodities (GASC) and the Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation USD 2.3 bn in financing last year.

Other things we’re keeping an eye on this morning:

  • The Central Bank of Egypt has granted Orascom Financial Holding subsidiary Dot Electronic Payments a license to operate its Klivvr app and payment card in partnership with the AAIB.
  • Cleopatra Hospitals Group (CHG) and Hemocure Clinic have signed an agreement to establish a center of excellence for the treatment of anorectal diseases in CHG’s El Katib Hospital.
  • Speed Medical will not be getting (pdf) a 50% stake in City Labs, after the planned EGP 27.4 mn acquisition did not get the necessary approvals from the Health Ministry and the Egyptian Competition Authority. Speed has completed its EGP 6.5 mn acquisition of Nour El Eslam labs and its EGP 2.5 mn purchase of El Sharq Labs.
  • An Iraqi industrial delegation is in Egypt seeking the help of the Egyptian government and private sector to establish industrial zones and develop the country’s industries.


The Health Ministry reported 1,603 new covid-19 infections yesterday, up from 1,569 the day before, as case numbers saw a second day of highs not recorded since the peak of the first wave in June 2020. Egypt has now disclosed a total of 410,098 confirmed cases of covid-19. The ministry also reported 38 new deaths, bringing the country’s total death toll to 22,368.

We received another 1.8 mn Pfizer covid doses from the US as part of the Gavi / Covax program on Saturday evening, according to a Health Ministry statement.

Pfizer’s plan for the transition to endemic covid: an annual jab that would cover all variants. The pharma giant’s CEO Albert Bourla told Israel’s N12 News on Saturday that a catch-all annual shot would be “an ideal solution” and could help us go back to pre-covid normalcy soon, reported The Times of Israel, though he also predicted that “there will be more variants.”


Powered by
EFG Hermes -

Global FDI rebounds in 2021: Global foreign direct investment eclipsed pre-pandemic levels in 2021, rising 77% to USD 1.65 tn from USD 929 bn the year before, according to new UN figures.

Divide #1: Almost three-quarters of the increase went to developed economies, which saw total FDI inflows triple to USD 777 bn during the year. Gains in the developing world were more modest, rising 30% to USD 870 bn through the period.

Divide #2: Investors loved infrastructure projects last year, as stimulus and long-term financing arrangements helped inflows to almost double from 2020. In contrast, investment in greenfield projects were effectively unchanged, while the number of new projects reliant on global value chains fell.

Want more? Check out UNCTAD’s latest Investment Trends Monitor (pdf) here.

What about us? After showing signs of recovery at the tail-end of 2020, FDI flows went into reverse during the first half of 2021, falling to a mere USD 427 mn in 2Q, down two-thirds from 2Q2020 (aka the lockdown quarter) and the lowest quarterly figure since 4Q2011.

Some of the world’s biggest asset managers are doubling down on their bullish positions on emerging markets, despite fears that upcoming interest rate hikes in the US will weigh on the asset class, Bloomberg reports. Goldman Sachs and BNP Paribas’ asset management arms are both continuing to go long on EM equities, betting that low valuations and favorable domestic interest rates will cause them to outperform their US competitors.

The early signs have been good: The MSCI EM Index has risen 3.6% over the past month despite investor nerves about rising rates, increasing inflation and the spread of omicron. The S&P 500, meanwhile, is down 7.7% YTD.

Saudi digital security firm Elm eyes USD 820 mn IPO: Elm, a digital security firm owned by Saudi Arabia’s sovereign wealth fund, is looking to raise up to USD 820 mn in its upcoming IPO, according to a statement to the Tadawul. The firm plans to sell a 30% stake, setting the indicative price range at SAR 113-128 (USD 30.12-34.12) per share. The company’s bookbuilding process kicked off yesterday and will wrap this Friday, 28 January.

The planned IPO comes as the Tadawul continues its tear: Goldman Sachs expects the Saudi bourse to remain the Middle East’s busiest, according to Bloomberg. The Saudi exchange had a strong showing in 2021, outperforming its Gulf neighbors in terms of the volume of IPOs, including bumper listings from Acwa Power and Saudi Telecom subsidiary Solutions.




-0.7% (YTD: -2.5%)



Buy 15.66

Sell 15.76



Buy 15.66

Sell 15.76


Interest rates CBE

8.25% deposit

9.25% lending




-1.2% (YTD: +7.6%)




+0.3% (YTD: +2.6%)




+1.3% (YTD: +0.4%)


S&P 500


-1.9% (YTD: -7.7%)


FTSE 100


-1.2% (YTD: +1.5%)


Brent crude

USD 88.38



Natural gas (Nymex)

USD 3.94




USD 1,839




USD 35,381

+0.6% (as of midnight)


The EGX30 fell 0.7% yesterday on turnover of EGP 513 mn (55.2% below the 90-day average). Local investors were net sellers. The index is down 2.5% YTD.

In the green: CIB (+0.8%).

In the red: Heliopolis Housing (-4.4%), Egyptian Resorts Company (-4.3%) and MM Group (-3.7%).


The British Council is funding climate partnerships between British and Egyptian universities: Last year, the British Council Egypt launched grants to promote collaboration between universities and higher education institutions in Egypt and the UK on climate change. In the lead-up to this year’s COP27 climate conference in Sharm El Sheikh, between December and mid-January, UK and Egyptian universities were invited to apply for the funding, which is aimed at improving institutions’ resilience to climate change and supporting their efforts to work with communities, business and government to address climate issues.

We sat down with British Council Egypt Country Director, Elizabeth White (LinkedIn), and British Council Egypt Head of Science, Shaimaa ElBanna (LinkedIn), to ask about the scope and focus of these climate change grants. Newly-appointed British Council CEO, Scott McDonald (LinkedIn), also gave insights into the Council’s broader climate strategy.

Edited excerpts from our conversation, below:

Eleven grants, each worth GBP 35k, are up for grabs, says White. Grant applications must have a principal applicant from the UK and a partner from Egypt. Any UK university or consortium — which could also include NGOs — was eligible to apply. Grants must be used within a year, starting April 2022, White adds.

The British Council Egypt received 186 applications, says ElBanna.

Successful applicants should be notified in the week beginning 13 February, says White. Eligible applications will be reviewed by a panel of five experts, consisting of a representative from the British Council Egypt, a science advisor from the UK, a member of Egypt’s Environment Ministry and external experts from the British and Egyptian higher education sectors.

Grants could be used for a diverse range of projects, including teaching, institutional capacity building, or policy improvement, says White. Eligible projects could focus on teaching, developing learning materials, supporting institutions affected by climate change, and bringing youth voices to COP27, among other things, she says.

The idea is to support universities to integrate climate change mitigation and adaptation into their activities, says White. With Egypt facing particular climate change challenges — including desertification, extreme weather, and rising sea levels — the climate focus at policy level is becoming stronger, she says. And for universities to train, educate and support the next generation to face climate change is crucial — perhaps by providing greater diversity in disciplines studied, or even psychosocial support. “But we won’t preach to universities about what they should work on, because we’re not the setters of policy. We’re the setters of collaboration and cooperation.”

Relevance, reputation and feasibility will determine who gets the funding: The universities’ academic reputation and standing, and what they want to achieve with the grants, will be big factors in the assessment process, says White. But quality and relevance — a clear timeline, description of how applicants can sustain a long-term collaboration, and evidence that the proposal will support climate change action within the universities — are also key, she adds.

Newton-Mosharafa Fund provided a blueprint: The GBP 50 mn Newton-Mosharafa scientific education fund — a joint Egypt-UK fund designed to support research partnerships — showed that when universities and higher education institutions work together, long-term relationships start to evolve organically, says White. “We’ve seen research partnerships eventually lead to dual degrees, as with East London University and Ain Shams University,” says ElBanna.

And the body of Egypt-UK university climate-focused research is growing: Egyptian universities working with UK counterparts have already made headway on climate change research focused particularly on water management, desalination, and renewable energy, as well as sustainable and urban cities, says ElBanna. “Some successful partnerships have been made in these fields.”

The grants are fully-funded by the UK government — but the aim would be to co-fund if they continue: The grants are currently funded purely through the grant allocation for cultural relations from the UK government to the British Council, says White. But in the future, the council would probably seek co-funding by the UK and Egyptian governments, she adds.

And will they continue after 2022? British Council Egypt will be pushing for it. Climate is currently a particular focus because of Egypt hosting COP27 this year, and the UK hosting COP26 last year, White says. But beyond 2022, British Council Egypt will push for continued funding and support from the council to set up these kinds of university collaborations, she adds. At this stage, it’s impossible to know if the program will continue in future years, she adds.

Ultimately, Egypt sets the agenda: “Our key partnership has always been with the Higher Education Ministry, which is a main force and often a contributing force to our programs,” says White. For other partners supporting the British Council Egypt’s work, “it’s mostly Egypt’s agenda — not that of the British Council — that’s most important for them,” says ElBanna.

The British Council’s entire climate change strategy hinges on collaboration, says McDonald. The climate change grants are part of the British Council’s wide-ranging Climate Connection program — established in the run-up to COP26 to spur global partnerships built around climate change — and its Going Global partnerships program, designed to build partnerships between global higher education players. The Council’s work — focused on arts, culture, and education — is an important vehicle for climate conversations, helping youth make their voices heard, and leveraging an extensive global network to drive partnerships and behavior change, he says.

Cross-cutting existing activities, the Climate Connection is rising very rapidly as a top priority, says McDonald. “The program itself is still in development, as we figure out where it adds the most value. It will probably evolve enormously in the next year.”

And business and industry will need to work more closely with higher education institutions on climate change, he believes. Essential work being performed by academics on climate change will eventually have to be turned into practical solutions for our economic drivers, says McDonald. “It’s a work in progress, because we need a huge amount of R&D before climate research can become business solutions — whether we’re talking about water purification, how we use power, or how we design buildings.”

Your top education stories for the week:

  • Tackling the teacher shortage: In a bid to plug the shortfall in teachers, the government will hire an additional 30k teachers annually for the next five years and up the amount it spends on bonuses for teachers to EGP 3.1 bn.
  • USAID will fund the establishment of six new international applied technology schools in Sharqia, Assiut, Alexandria, Giza and Minya in partnership with the Education Ministry and six Egyptian companies.
  • Students at five Cairo universities will be given training sessions on artificial intelligence through an initiative launched by the ICT Ministry and Dell.
  • Cairo University has partnered with the US government to open a disability service center, which will advocate for university-wide policies and provide services and equipment to students with disabilities.


1Q2022: Launch of the Egyptian Commodities Exchange.

1Q2022: Swvl acquisition of Viapool expected to close.

1Q2022: Waste collection startup Bekia plans to expand to the UAE and Saudi Arabia.

1Q2022: Rameda Pharma will begin selling its generic version of Merck’s oral antiviral covid-19 med.

1Q2022: Pharos Energy’s sale of 55% stake in El Fayum, Beni Suef concessions to IPR Energy Group subsidiary IPR Lake Qarun expected to close.

Early 2022: Results to be announced for the second round of the state’s gold and precious metals auction.

1H2022: Target date for IDH to close its acquisition of 50% of Islamabad Diagnostic Center.

1H2022: e-Finance’s digital healthcare service platform, eHealth, will launch its services.

1H2022: The government will respond to private companies’ bids to build desalination plants.

1H2022: Egypt’s second corporate green bond issuance expected to be announced.

January: Sovereign Sukuk Act executive regulations expected to be finalized.

January: Tenth of Ramadan dry port tender to be launched.

January: Three-month trial period of ACI for air freight to begin.

9 January – 6 February (Sunday-Sunday): 2021 Africa Cup of Nations, Cameroon.

Second half of January: Egypt will host the Egyptian-Bahraini Joint Committee.

Second half of January: Regulations for installing EV charging stations will be published.

25 January (Tuesday): The IMF will release its World Economic Outlook.

25 January (Tuesday): 25 January revolution anniversary / Police Day.

25 January (Tuesday): Techne Summit announces awardees of Corporate Innovation Program.

25 January – 1 February (Tuesday-Tuesday): EGX will open over the counter transactions for the National Bank of Kuwait.

25-26 January (Tuesday-Wednesday): Federal Reserve interest rate meeting.

27 January-7 February (Thursday-Monday): Cairo International Book Fair, Egypt International Exhibition Center.

27 January (Thursday): National holiday in observance of 25 January revolution anniversary / Police Day.

30-31 January (Sunday-Monday): Ins. Federation of Egypt medical ins. forum.

End of January: The Egyptian-Romanian business forum will take place with the aim of strengthening joint investment relations.

January-February 2022: Construction work on the Abu Qir metro upgrade will begin.

February: Hassan Allam Construction’s new construction firm established with Russia’s Titan-2 to handle construction work on the Dabaa nuclear power plant begins its operations.

February: Ghazl El Mahalla shares will begin trading on the EGX this month.

February: Suez canal transit fees set to increase 6%, exempting cruise ships and LNG carriers.

Mid-February: End of grace period to comply with new minimum wage for firms who sent in exemption requests.

Mid-February: A Hungarian delegation will arrive in Egypt for talks over a potential investment in an industrial area in the SCZone.

3 February (Thursday): Central Bank of Egypt’s Monetary Policy Committee meeting.

3 February (Thursday): January PMI figures for Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE will be released.

4-20 February (Friday-Sunday): 2022 Winter Olympics, Beijing.

11 February (Friday): Deadline for Anghami SPAC merger.

11-13 February (Friday-Sunday) FIBA Intercontinental Cup, Cairo.

14-16 February (Monday-Wednesday): Egypt Petroleum Show, Egypt International Exhibition Center, New Cairo, Egypt.

15 February (Tuesday): The Industrial Development Authority’s deadline for receiving offers from companies for licenses to manufacture steel products.

15 February (Tuesday): Orange Ventures’ deadline to receive applications from seed-stage fintech startups.

19 February (Saturday): Public universities begin the second term of the 2021-2022 academic year.

19-21 February (Saturday-Monday): Nebu Expo for Gold and Jewelry 2022.

21 February (Monday): Hearing at Cairo Economic Court (pdf) on FRA lawsuits filed against Speed Medical.

26 February (Saturday): Speed Medical will elect a new board during ordinary general assembly (pdf).

End of February: Lebanon to receive gas from Egypt via a pipeline crossing Jordan and Syria.

March: Rollout of the government financial management information system (GFMIS), a suite of electronic tools to automate the government’s financial management processes (pdf) that will replace the existing “closed” financial management system.

March: 4Q2021 earnings season.

March: Deadline for the World Health Organization’s intergovernmental negotiating body to meet to discuss binding treaty on future pandemic cooperation.

March: World Cup playoffs.

March: The government hopes to sign a final contract between El Nasr Automotive and a new partner for the local production of electric cars.

March: Target date for Saudi tech firm Brmaja to IPO on the EGX.

March: Egypt to host World Tourism Organization Middle East committee meeting.

9-18 March (Wednesday-Friday): The 55th edition of the Cairo International Fair.

15-16 March (Tuesday-Wednesday): Federal Reserve interest rate meeting.

24 March (Thursday): Central Bank of Egypt’s Monetary Policy Committee meeting.

28-29 March (Monday-Tuesday): The Egypt International Mining Show (EIMS 2022) will take place virtually.

31 March (Thursday): Deadline for submitting tax returns for individual taxpayers.

31 March (Thursday): Vodacom purchase of Vodafone Group’s stake in Vodafone Egypt expected to be completed by this date.

31 March (Thursday): Supply Ministry expected to take final decision on bread subsidies by this date.

2 April (Saturday): First day of Ramadan (TBC).

3 April (Sunday): Bidding begins on the Industrial Development Authority’s license to manufacture tobacco products.

4 April (Monday): CDC Group will formally change its name to British International Investment.

22-24 April (Friday-Sunday): World Bank-IMF spring meeting, Washington D.C.

24 April (Sunday): Coptic Easter Sunday (holiday for Coptic Christians).

25 April (Monday): Sham El Nessim.

25 April (Monday): Sinai Liberation Day.

28 April (Thursday): National Holiday in observance of Sham El Nessim.

30 April (Saturday): Deadline for submitting corporate tax returns for companies whose financial year ends 31 December.

Late April – 15 May: 1Q2022 earnings season

May: Investment in Logistics Conference, Cairo, Egypt.

1 May (Sunday): Labor Day.

3-4 May (Tuesday-Wednesday): Federal Reserve interest rate meeting.

5 May (Thursday): National Holiday in observance of Labor Day.

2 May (Monday): Eid El Fitr (TBC).

19 May (Thursday): Central Bank of Egypt’s Monetary Policy Committee meeting.

14-15 June (Tuesday-Wednesday): Federal Reserve interest rate meeting.

15-18 June (Wednesday-Saturday): St. Petersburg International Economic Forum (SPIEF), St. Petersburg.

16 June (Thursday): End of 2021-2022 academic year for public schools.

23 June (Thursday): Central Bank of Egypt’s Monetary Policy Committee meeting.

27 June-3 July (Monday-Sunday): World University Squash Championships, New Giza.

30 June (Thursday): June 30 Revolution Day, national holiday.

End of 2Q2022: The Financial Regulatory Authority’s new Ins. Act should be approved.

End of 1H2022: Emirati industrial company M Glory Holding and the Military Production Ministry will begin the mass production of dual fuel pickup trucks that can run on natural gas.

2H2022: The inauguration of the Grand Egyptian Museum.

2H2022: IEF-IGU Ministerial Gas Forum, Egypt. Date + location TBA.

July: A law governing ins. for seasonal contractors will come into effect.

1 July (Friday): FY 2022-2023 begins.

8 July (Friday): Arafat Day.

9-13 July (Saturday-Wednesday): Eid Al Adha, national holiday.

26-27 July (Tuesday-Wednesday): Federal Reserve interest rate meeting.

30 July (Saturday): Islamic New Year.

Late July – 14 August: 2Q2022 earnings season.

18 August (Thursday): Central Bank of Egypt’s Monetary Policy Committee meeting.

September: Egypt will display its first naval exhibition with the title Naval Power.

20-21 September (Tuesday-Wednesday): Federal Reserve interest rate meeting.

22 September (Thursday): Central Bank of Egypt’s Monetary Policy Committee meeting.

6 October (Thursday): Armed Forces Day, national holiday.

8 October (Saturday): Prophet Muhammad’s birthday, national holiday.

18-20 October(Tuesday-Thursday): Mediterranean Offshore Conference, Alexandria, Egypt.

Late October – 14 November: 3Q2022 earnings season.

November: Cairo Water Week 2022.

1-2 November (Tuesday-Wednesday): Federal Reserve interest rate meeting.

3 November (Thursday): Central Bank of Egypt’s Monetary Policy Committee meeting.

21 November-18 December (Monday-Sunday): 2022 Fifa World Cup, Qatar.

13-14 December (Tuesday-Wednesday): Federal Reserve interest rate meeting.

22 December (Thursday): Central Bank of Egypt’s Monetary Policy Committee meeting.

End of 2022: e-Aswaaq’s tourism platform will complete the roll out of its ticketing and online booking portal across Egypt.

January 2023: EGX-listed companies and non-bank lenders will submit ESG reports for the first time.

**Note to readers: Some national holidays may appear twice above. Since 2020, Egypt has observed most mid-week holidays on Thursdays regardless of the day on which they fall and may also move those days to Sundays. We distinguish above between the actual holiday and its observance.

Enterprise is a daily publication of Enterprise Ventures LLC, an Egyptian limited liability company (commercial register 83594), and a subsidiary of Inktank Communications. Summaries are intended for guidance only and are provided on an as-is basis; kindly refer to the source article in its original language prior to undertaking any action. Neither Enterprise Ventures nor its staff assume any responsibility or liability for the accuracy of the information contained in this publication, whether in the form of summaries or analysis. © 2022 Enterprise Ventures LLC.

Enterprise is available without charge thanks to the generous support of HSBC Egypt (tax ID: 204-901-715), the leading corporate and retail lender in Egypt; EFG Hermes (tax ID: 200-178-385), the leading financial services corporation in frontier emerging markets; SODIC (tax ID: 212-168-002), a leading Egyptian real estate developer; SomaBay (tax ID: 204-903-300), our Red Sea holiday partner; Infinity (tax ID: 474-939-359), the ultimate way to power cities, industries, and homes directly from nature right here in Egypt; CIRA (tax ID: 200-069-608), the leading providers of K-12 and higher level education in Egypt; Orascom Construction (tax ID: 229-988-806), the leading construction and engineering company building infrastructure in Egypt and abroad; Moharram & Partners (tax ID: 616-112-459), the leading public policy and government affairs partner; Palm Hills Developments (tax ID: 432-737-014), a leading developer of commercial and residential properties; Mashreq (tax ID: 204-898-862), the MENA region’s leading homegrown personal and digital bank; Industrial Development Group (IDG) (tax ID:266-965-253), the leading builder of industrial parks in Egypt; Hassan Allam Properties (tax ID:  553-096-567), one of Egypt’s most prominent and leading builders; and Saleh, Barsoum & Abdel Aziz (tax ID: 220-002-827), the leading audit, tax and accounting firm in Egypt.